Other types of emotions
The six basic emotions described by Ekman are just a few of the many different types of emotions that people can experience. Ekman’s theory shows that these core emotions are common in cultures all over the world.
However, other theories and new research continue to explore many different types of emotions and how they are classified. Ekman later added some other emotions to his list, but said that unlike his original six emotions, not all of these emotions can be encoded by facial expressions. Some of the emotions he later determined included:
- Pride of achievement
Other emotional theories
Like many concepts in psychology, not all theorists agree on how to classify emotions or what the basic emotions actually are. Although Ekman’s theory is one of the most famous theories, other theorists have also put forward their own views that emotions form the core of human experience.
For example, some researchers have suggested that there are only two or three basic emotions. Others believe that emotions exist in a certain hierarchy. Major emotions such as love, joy, surprise, anger, and sadness can be further broken down into secondary emotions. For example, love is composed of secondary emotions, such as affection and desire.
Then, these secondary emotions may be further decomposed into so-called tertiary emotions. The second-level emotions of emotion include the third-level emotions, such as liking, caring, sympathy, and tenderness.
A recent study showed that there are at least 27 different emotions, all of which are highly correlated. After analyzing the reactions of more than 800 men to more than 2,000 video clips, the researchers created an interactive map to show how these emotions are related to each other.
“We found that 27 different dimensions, instead of 6, are necessary to explain how hundreds of people reliably report how they feel in each video,” explains senior researcher Dacher Keltner, a faculty member at the Greater Good Science Center.
In other words, emotions are not a state that occurs in isolation. On the contrary, the research shows that emotions have gradients, and these different emotions are interrelated.
Alan Cowen, the lead author of the study and a doctoral student in neuroscience at the University of California, Berkeley, said that better clarifying the nature of our emotions can help scientists, psychologists and doctors understand more about how emotions affect Play an important role in brain activity, behavior, and behavior. mood. With a better understanding of these conditions, he hopes that researchers can develop better treatments for mental illness.
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Emotions play a vital role in our lifestyle, from influencing the way we interact with others in our daily lives to influencing the decisions we make. By understanding some of the different types of emotions, you can gain a deeper understanding of how these emotions are expressed and how they affect your behavior.
However, it is important to remember that no emotion is an island. On the contrary, many of the emotions you experience are subtle and complex, and together they create the rich and diverse structure of your emotional life.