Alcoholism described in DSM-5

Alcoholism is the state of intoxication that people experience after drinking alcohol. It is more often considered to be a normal ritual into adulthood, or a way to relax and unwind after a busy day, rather than a mental disorder. But like delirium or psychosis, poisoning is an altered mental state that can be predicted, diagnosed, and treated. This is why alcoholism is included in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, or DSM-5, which is the gold standard psychiatric manual used by doctors and psychologists to diagnose mental health problems.

Why even occasional alcoholism and moderate drinking can be problematic

If it happens occasionally, why is alcoholism a problem? Another common mistake is to think that alcohol is only a problem when it causes alcoholism or alcohol use disorder.

In fact, most of the harm caused by drinking is related to alcoholism. Of particular concern are injuries and deaths caused by accidents, especially motor vehicle accidents when the driver is drunk, as well as short-term health problems (such as alcoholism) and long-term health consequences (such as cancer and alcoholism). Various organ diseases such as liver and brain. Even moderate drinking can cause these problems.

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Alcoholism is associated with a large proportion of emergency room cases, including treatment of the physical consequences of the poisoning itself.

Common symptoms of alcoholism

So, what is the standard of alcoholism? Obviously, there must be evidence that the person has recently consumed alcohol. In addition to this, for example, due to drinking, the person shows damage to their behavior, emotions, or decision-making. Examples include becoming inappropriate, aggressive, mood swings and taking unnecessary risks.

Unfortunately, one way of impaired judgment is to choose to drive while intoxicated, even if the driver does not intend to do so when he is awake. For this reason, it is best to leave your car at home or give your car keys to someone who will not return it to you under stress when you are drunk.

When people are drunk, there is a very unique and recognizable behavior pattern. One of the most obvious signs is slurred speech. Alcohol affects a person’s ability to speak clearly, so even when the person tries to speak clearly, a slurred person can be detected by a person who is not drunk.

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Alcohol also impairs people’s coordination, so they become clumsy, but not when they are awake. Coupled with unsteady gait, this increases the risk of someone falling under the influence of alcohol. Before the popularity of breathalyzers, a test used by the police was to ask the person to walk in a straight line. This is very difficult for drunk people.

A lesser-known sign of alcoholism is nystagmus, which is a kind of left and right eye movements that happen unintentionally. If you look into the eyes of a drunk person, they will move by themselves. Having a person track objects with their eyes is another test used by the police to determine if someone is drunk.

Alcoholism can also interfere with people’s ability to pay attention to and remember events appropriately. When you are drunk, you may forget important details, and when you are awake, you may forget what you did when you were drunk. Worst of all, alcoholism can make people unresponsive to what is happening around them, or even lose consciousness. This is a dangerous state, not only because of the risk of rape and other abuse, but also because of the risk of suffocation by inhaling vomit. This is a life-threatening condition. If the drunk loses consciousness, put them in the recovery position and call 911.

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