Alfred Adler Biography: Career and Life

Alfred Adler is an Austrian doctor and psychiatrist who is known for forming a school of thought known as individual psychology. He is also remembered for his inferiority complex and the concepts of inferiority complex, which he believes have played an important role in the formation of personality.

Alder was originally a colleague of Sigmund Freud, helped establish psychoanalysis, and was a founding member of the Vienna Society of Psychoanalysis. Adler’s theory focuses on the individual as a whole, which is why he calls his method individual psychology.

Adler eventually left Freud’s psychoanalytic circle, but he continued to have a huge impact on the development of psychotherapy. He also had an important influence on many other great thinkers, including Abraham Maslow and Albert Ellis.

most famous

  • Individual psychology
  • The concept of inferiority complex
  • President of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society, 1910

Life and death

Alfred Adler was born on February 7, 1870. He died on May 28, 1937.

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early life

Alfred Adler was born in Vienna, Austria. He suffered from rickets when he was young, could not walk until after 2 years old, and developed pneumonia when he was 4 years old.

Due to health problems as a child, Adler decided to become a doctor. After obtaining a medical degree from the University of Vienna in 1895, he started his career as an ophthalmologist and later turned to a general practitioner.

Career and later life

Alder quickly turned his interest in the field of psychiatry. In 1902, Sigmund Freud (Sigmund Freud) invited him to join a psychoanalytic discussion group. This group met in Freud’s home every Wednesday and eventually developed into the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society.

After serving as the chairman of the group for a period of time, Adler left partly because he disagrees with some of Freud’s theories. Although Adler played a key role in the development of psychoanalysis, he was also one of the first major figures to leave and form his own school.

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He was quick to point out that although he was a colleague of Freud, he was by no means a disciple of the famous Austrian psychoanalyst.In 1912, Alfred Adler founded the Association of Individual Psychology.

Adler’s theory shows that everyone has a sense of inferiority. Since childhood, people have overcome this feeling of inferiority by “pursuing excellence.”

Adler believes that this driving force is the driving force behind human behavior, emotions and thoughts. He explained that some people will focus on cooperation and contribution to society, while others will try to influence others.

When Adler converted to Christianity,His Jewish ancestry caused the Nazis to close his clinic in the 1930s. As a result, Adler immigrated to the United States and held a professorship at Long Island Medical School. In 1937, Adler gave a lecture tour in Aberdeen, Scotland and suffered a fatal heart attack.

His family lost traces of his cremated remains shortly after his death, and the ashes were presumably lost before they were found in a crematorium in Edinburgh, Scotland in 2007. In 2011, 74 years after Adler’s death, his ashes were sent back to Vienna, Austria.

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In the interview protector, His granddaughter explained, “Vienna is essentially Adler’s home, his birthplace, there is a triangle, you know, Adler, Jung and Freud, all of them have left that place. It feels, so it’s a good time for him to go there and go back there.”

Contribution to psychology

Alfred Adler’s theory has played an important role in many areas including treatment and child development. Alder’s thoughts also influenced other important psychologists and psychoanalysts, including:

Today, his thoughts and concepts are often referred to as Adler psychology.

Featured Publications

Adler, A. (1925). The practice and theory of individual psychology. London: Routledge.

Adler, A. (1956). The personal psychology of Alfred Adler. HL Ansbacher and RR Ansbacher (editors). New York: Harper’s Torch Book.