Studies have found that anxiety disorders are common in patients with bipolar disorder.More than half of people suffer from one or more anxiety disorders. Others may not have enough anxiety symptoms to be formally diagnosed with anxiety, but still need medication to control their symptoms. For example, anxiety, worry, agitation, and insomnia often occur during bipolar depression and mixed episodes. Anxiety symptoms such as irritability, worry, and irritability may occur during mania and hypomania. Therefore, it is very common for patients with bipolar disorder to prescribe anti-anxiety drugs.
Anxiety drugs, also called anti-anxiety drugs or anti-anxiety drugs, are used to treat anxiety and anxiety patients suffering from bipolar disorder or major depression. Anxiety medications help reduce people’s anxiety and also help relieve irritability and worry. Many of these drugs can also help people sleep better. Let’s take a look at the different classes of drugs used to treat anxiety disorders and how they can be used in patients with bipolar disorder.
Most anti-anxiety drugs used primarily to treat anxiety disorders are called benzodiazepines. Many of these anxiety medications are also used in other situations, such as:
- Nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy
- Quit drinking
Some of these drugs are mainly used for sedation, used to help treat insomnia or as a relaxation medicine before surgery.
There are many side effects of benzodiazepines, but the most worrying issue is dependence.
Many antidepressant drugs have been found to have beneficial effects on anxiety and, unlike benzodiazepines, do not bring the same types of dependence, abuse and overdose risks. For this reason, these drugs are usually the mainstay of any form of anxiety. Drugs from different classes of antidepressants are commonly used, including:
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
Some drugs in this category and some indications are mentioned below. Depending on your specific symptoms, all of these can be considered for the treatment of anxiety.
- Paxil (Paroxetine): Paxil has many uses, including major depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder with or without agoraphobia, social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and post-traumatic Stress disorder (PTSD).
- Zoloft (sertraline): Zoloft is approved for the treatment of a variety of diseases, including major depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, premenstrual dysphoria and social anxiety disorder.
- Prozac (fluoxetine): Prozac is approved for the treatment of depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and panic disorder.
- Luvox (fluvoxamine): Luvox is often used to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
Selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI)
Drugs that inhibit the reuptake of the neurotransmitters serotonin and norepinephrine can also be used to treat anxiety. SNRI includes:
Older tricyclic antidepressants are less used to treat bipolar anxiety, but they may be helpful in some cases.
Buspar (Buspirone) is not related to the above medications, but may help anxiety in bipolar disorder, especially when used in combination with antidepressants. Although this drug usually has few side effects, there have been some reports of mania with this drug, especially when used in combination with other drugs.
In addition to medication, there are several other ways to treat anxiety. In fact, combination therapy is usually the best way. Other treatments may include:
Remember, all anxiety is not a bad thing. Anxiety or “eustress” (“good stress”) actually motivates people to do their best.
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If a person with bipolar disorder suffers from one or more anxiety disorders at the same time, appropriate anti-anxiety medications may be prescribed. It is possible to prescribe any of the above medications for people with bipolar disorder but also with anxiety, even if the anxiety does not come from a real anxiety disorder.