Cocaine is a strongly addictive drug of abuse. Once cocaine has been tried, users cannot predict or control the extent to which they will continue to use the drug. Although cocaine abuse has decreased, it remains the second most used illegal drug in the United States.
What is cocaine?
Cocaine is a medicine made from a paste extracted from the leaves of the coca plant in South America. It is a strong stimulant that affects the central nervous system of the human body. Cocaine can be injected, smoked, sniffed or smoked.
Cocaine can be mixed with other drugs, including the anesthetics procaine and amphetamine. When cocaine and heroin are combined, it produces so-called “fastballs.”
Cocaine use statistics
- Cocaine is the second most commonly used illegal drug in the United States
- According to a 2014 study, nearly 1.5 million Americans (0.6% of the population) reported using cocaine.
- Utilization rates have declined sharply in the 1990s and early 2000s, and have remained relatively stable since 2009.
- Users can come from all financial situations, all ages, and all genders. According to reports, the incidence is higher among young people between 18 and 25 years of age.
What does cocaine look like
Cocaine is a white crystalline powder. Crack cocaine looks like a small stone, a large piece or a fragment, and is sometimes off-white or pink.
It is common for street vendors to “reduce” or dilute cocaine with various substances. This is used to make more money because it is sold by weight. Additives can include anything white and powdery, including corn starch, talcum powder, flour and baking soda.
The effects of cocaine
This drug produces a strong sense of excitement. Users generally feel invincible, carefree, alert, euphoric, and energetic. This is usually accompanied by agitation, depression, anxiety, paranoia and loss of appetite. The effects of cocaine usually last up to an hour.
The dangers of using cocaine
Cocaine is an effective and dangerous drug. The short-term and long-term effects of cocaine are equally severe. The most serious danger is death, leading to cardiac arrest and then respiratory failure. This may happen at any time during short-term or long-term use. Other effects of the drug include:
- Loss of appetite
- Blurred vision
- High anxiety
- Constricted blood vessels
- Dilated pupils
- Nasal infection
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
The long-term effects of cocaine use may include extreme agitation, severe mood swings, and depression. Long-term use of cocaine can cause nasal mucosal ulcers and holes in the barrier that separates the nostrils.
It can also cause loss of appetite, extreme insomnia, and sexual problems. Heart attacks, heart attacks, respiratory failure, strokes, seizures and gastrointestinal problems are not uncommon among long-term users of cocaine and crack.
Cocaine’s street name
Cocaine has various street names. These include cola, dust, beep, thread, nose sugar, and snow. Sneeze, Powder, Girl, White Pony, Flake, C, The Lady, Cain, Neurocain and Rock. “Crack” cocaine is also called “free base”.
Crack cocaine is a highly addictive and powerful stimulant, which comes from cocaine powder. Cracks are made by dissolving powdered cocaine in a mixture of water and ammonia or sodium bicarbonate (baking soda). The mixture was boiled until solid matter formed. It is taken from the liquid, dried, and then broken into pieces (rocks) and sold as cocaine.
Due to its usability and strong influence, cracking is also very popular. The health risks and problems caused by the use of crack are the same as those listed for cocaine. However, due to the strength of the drug, it is a higher risk.
Crack is almost always sucked, delivering large amounts of medicine to the lungs. This produces an immediate and strong sense of euphoria.
Cocaine is very addictive, which makes users have a strong desire for this drug. The addiction to cracking develops very quickly, sometimes only after a few inhalations.
People who are addicted to cocaine or crack can seek help with behavioral therapy, including hospitalization and outpatient treatment.