Blood alcohol content (BAC) is a measure of the amount of alcohol circulating in the blood. It is expressed in weight (mg) per unit volume (ml), usually expressed as a percentage. Blood alcohol content is used for legal and medical purposes to indicate how drunk a person is.
The blood alcohol content is 100 milliliters (ml) or equivalent to 1 deciliter (dL) of blood alcohol content. For example:
- 80 mg is 0.08 g
- 0.08 grams of alcohol is 0.08% in 100 milliliters
- This can also be expressed as a BAC of 80 mg/dL or 0.08
A blood alcohol content of 0.1 (0.1% or one-tenth of 1%) means that the human body contains 0.10 grams of alcohol per deciliter of blood at the time of the test. Synonyms for BAC include blood alcohol concentration, blood alcohol concentration, and blood alcohol concentration.
In 49 of the 50 states and the District of Columbia, the legal limit for drinking and driving is 0.08. In Utah, the legal BAC limit is 0.05. The limit for commercial drivers is 0.04. any For individuals under the age of 21, the detectable blood alcohol level is a violation.
BAC level and impairment
When alcohol is consumed and absorbed into the blood, it spreads throughout the body and brain, affecting many cognitive functions and the ability to perform physical tasks. Long before someone reaches the legal limit, driving skills may be impaired, but at 0.08, the risk of a car accident will increase dramatically.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration lists the effects on driving at different blood alcohol levels:
- 0.02 BAC: You may feel relaxed and lose some judgment. You cannot quickly track the movement of other vehicles, pedestrians, or animals. You will lose some of the ability to do two things at the same time, so you are more easily distracted.
- 0.05 BAC: You begin to show loss of control of small muscles, such as being able to concentrate, and you may be less alert. Your ability to track moving objects is even worse. Your driving ability has declined. If there is an emergency, such as the need to brake quickly or bypass an accidental blockage, your response may be poor.
- 0.08 BAC: You usually show poor muscle coordination, loss of balance, slower reaction times, slurred speech, loss of vision and hearing, imperceptible danger, and impaired judgment, self-control, reasoning, and memory. When driving, you have difficulty controlling speed, identifying signals and emergency situations and reacting to them. In general, your risk of injury will increase, especially those related to driving a vehicle.
- 0.10 BAC: At this level, your abilities will deteriorate further. It is difficult to maintain the lane position and brake when needed.
- 0.15 BAC: Your muscle control and balance ability is poor. You are likely to vomit. You will have major problems in controlling the vehicle and paying attention to driving and what is happening around you.
A 2018 report from the National Academy of Sciences, the Academy of Engineering, and the School of Medicine called for reducing the BAC limit for driving from the current legal limit (in most states) of 0.08% to 0.05%.
BAC limit reached
Many factors determine your blood alcohol content and the degree of damage you may suffer. On a personal level, there are differences due to your weight, body fat percentage, hydration, digestion, and how alcohol affects your body chemistry.
The alcohol content of the drinks you drink, the interval between drinks, and the time elapsed after drinking all affect BAC. The use of drugs and other drugs affects the degree of damage caused by alcohol.In addition, research published in 2015 showed that people are not good at estimating their BAC or the degree of damage, leading to wrong decisions.
There are many simple weight/gender charts to estimate the number of drinks and blood alcohol content in an hour. For example, a 120-pound woman can reach a BAC level of 0.08 after drinking two glasses of alcohol. A 180-pound man can reach 0.08 after drinking four glasses of alcohol. “Drink” is a glass of white wine, a five-ounce glass of wine, or a bottle of beer.
These estimates should always be used with caution, because the measured values and alcohol content of different types of alcohol are different. For example, some craft beer has twice the alcohol content of a typical canned beer, and you may be drinking a pint of beer (16 ounces) instead of the 12 ounces of canned beer.
Very good sentence
Enforcing statutory blood alcohol limits is important to public safety, but you must be careful when driving after drinking alcohol. Drinking for the first time can cause some damage, so it is best to avoid driving after drinking.