Adderall (amphetamine dextroamphetamine) is a prescription drug that acts as a central nervous system stimulant. This means that it will increase the activity of the central nervous system and improve its function.
Because of these abilities, Adderall is commonly used to treat attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. Adderall is considered a Schedule II controlled substance with high potential for abuse.
It is also possible to overdose Adderall-even accidentally-which can be fatal in some cases.
Can you overdose Adderall?
Yes, excessive intake of Adderall can cause serious side effects, including overdose that may cause death. More importantly, some people are more sensitive to stimulants than others, so the amount that may lead to overdose varies from person to person.
Even a small amount of amphetamine can be fatal. The recorded death dose is as low as 1.5 milligrams per kilogram of body weight (mg/kg).
Adderall overdose involves overstimulation of the sympathetic nervous system-when there are signs of danger, the sympathetic nervous system is responsible for activating the fight or flight response.
Depending on the individual and his motivation, overdose may be intentional or accidental. It is also important to note that if ingested Adderall is fatal to animals.
Symptoms of Adderall overdose can range from mild to severe and include the following:
Shortness of breath
What should you do
If you suspect that you or someone you know is taking Adderall overdose, seek emergency treatment immediately. If you are in the United States, please call the Poison Control Center at 1-800-222-1222. If you or your loved one is in urgent danger, please call 911 immediately.
Be prepared to provide emergency personnel and/or doctors with the following information:
- Person’s age
- How much Adderall has been ingested
- Other substances that may have been taken (alcohol or drugs)
- Any known allergies
- History of any substance abuse
Adderall improves alertness, concentration and energy by increasing the activity of dopamine, serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain. The standard daily dose of Adderall is 2.5 mg to 60 mg per day.
It has 5 mg, 7.5 mg, 10 mg, 12.5 mg, 15 mg, 20 mg and 30 mg specifications. It also comes in extended-release (XR) forms in 5 mg, 10 mg, 15 mg, 20 mg, 25 mg, and 30 mg strengths.
Like most drugs, Adderall can cause side effects, even in low doses and only as prescribed. Common side effects of Adderall may include:
- Dry mouth
- Loss of appetite
- stomach ache
- lose weight
These side effects are usually not serious. However, if you experience side effects, be sure to tell your doctor. Your doctor may tell you how to reduce side effects, change the dosage, or switch to a different medicine.
Adderall may interact with certain medications, so it is important to discuss any medications you are taking with your doctor before taking Adderall. This includes vitamins, over-the-counter medicines and nutritional supplements, as well as any prescriptions.
For example, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) can increase the effects of Adderall and increase the risk of overdose.
Common MAOIs include:
- Nardil (phenelzine)
- Maplan (Isocarbazide)
- EmSam (Selegiline)
- Parnate (Tranylcypromine)
At the same time, taking Adderall while taking drugs that inhibit CYP2D6 (an enzyme involved in drug metabolism) increases the risk of serious side effects.
Common CYP2D6 inhibitors include:
Adderall is a commonly abused prescription drug. Because it is related to enhanced cognitive function and academic performance, it is popular among high school and college students who wish to benefit from the effects of drugs.
But the non-medical use of Adderall has high abuse and dependence and many potential adverse effects.
Misuse of prescription drugs includes:
- Taking the medicine in a non-prescribed way or in a dose (for example, crushing a pill, inhaling a powder, or dissolving the powder in a capsule in water and injecting it into a vein).
- Take someone else’s prescription.
- Taking medicine is to get high, not to relieve symptoms.
Abuse of Adderall also increases the likelihood of overdose and increases the risk of abuse. In fact, the abuse of Adderall is a growing problem.
A study published in 2016 Journal of Clinical Psychiatry It was found that between 2006 and 2011, adult non-medical use of Adderall increased by 67%, and the number of emergency room visits involving Adderall increased by 156%.
Researchers warn that the prevalence of the abuse of Adderall may be denied and underestimated.For example, published in 2017 Drug and alcohol dependence It was found that Adderall abuse is often underestimated in investigations.
At the same time, it was published in 2017 Postgraduate Medicine It was found that 5% to 10% of high school students and 5% to 35% of college students abuse ADHD stimulants.
The problem is that many people are not aware of the short-term and long-term side effects of drugs and the effects of stimulants. Adderall dependence and withdrawal can be dangerous and can even lead to suicidal thoughts.
Long-term abuse of Adderall may cause the following symptoms:
- Severe rash
- Personality changes
Some people even report abusing Adderall to offset the effects of alcohol. People taking Adderall may report that they are not as drunk as usual. However, this practice causes them to drink more alcohol, which can cause serious injuries and even death from alcoholism.
Treatment of drug overdose may involve the use of activated charcoal to help absorb the drug. You may also need to pump your stomach. In the case of serotonin syndrome, you may take medication to block serotonin.
However, don’t be unable to seek help immediately because of fear of these treatments. The faster you get medical assistance, the better the chances that medical staff will effectively treat the drug overdose.
There are steps you can take to prevent yourself or your loved ones from overdosing on Adderall, including:
- Do not take more than your prescribed dose.
- Never let others take your medicine.
- Never take other people’s prescription drugs.
- Do not take larger doses without consulting a doctor.
- If you think you missed the first dose, do not take the second dose.
- Take the medicine at the same time every day.
Very good sentence
If taken as prescribed, Adderall can safely and effectively treat ADHD. If you are concerned that you or your loved ones abuse this prescription or are at risk of doing so, please discuss treatment options with your doctor. Be sure to discuss other medications you are taking to avoid potentially dangerous interactions.