- Providing information about the safety and effectiveness of the COVID-19 vaccine has led to increased interest in COVID-19 vaccination.
- By comparing the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccine and influenza vaccine, the problem of COVID-19 vaccine hesitation is further solved.
- Providing information about the low effectiveness of influenza vaccines did not reduce the willingness to receive the influenza vaccine each year.
Although vaccine hesitation has decreased, the Delta variant still poses a major threat.A study was published in British Journal of Health Psychology Discovering that awareness of the efficacy of the COVID-19 vaccine can change doubters.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 162 million Americans have been fully vaccinated against COVID-19, but this still puts more than half of the nation’s population at risk.
In particular, some people’s hesitation on vaccines continues to pose a barrier for many people. Considering that the vaccine for children under 12 years old is expected to be in 2022, it is very important to address the doubts of adults about the COVID-19 vaccine.
About the research
In this study, after reviewing materials about the efficacy of the COVID-19 vaccine, 481 participants in the UK who were hesitant about the vaccine were surveyed about their vaccination intentions. .
When study participants received a text stating that the effectiveness of Pfizer’s vaccine was 95% and the effectiveness of Moderna’s vaccine was 94%, their vaccine intentions increased by 20%, which is an improvement compared to the effectiveness of the annual flu Doubled the vaccine.
The limitation of this study is that compared with the vaccination rate, only the intent to obtain the COVID-19 vaccine was measured, but early research has shown that vaccination intent is a powerful predictor of behavior.
Vaccines save lives
Deidra Thompson, DNP, FNP-C, PMHNP-BC, faculty members of the Walden University Master of Nursing Program said: “Vaccination against COVID-19 is as important as other routine vaccines, including the annual flu vaccine. We need to change the COVID- 19 The view that vaccines are viewed as threats.”
For those infected with COVID-19, Thompson explained that they can still benefit from vaccination to avoid re-infection. “The intensity and duration of natural immunity after infection with the virus varies with the individual and the severity of the disease. Those with milder conditions tend to have lower antibody levels, which can prevent disease,” she said.
Didela Thompson, DNP, FNP-C, PMHNP-BC
We need to change our perception of the COVID-19 vaccine as a threat.
— Deidra Thompson, DNP, FNP-C, PMHNP-BC
Thomson said: “Vaccines have been helping to save lives for decades. Immunity helps protect the world from diseases such as smallpox, measles, mumps, diphtheria, and now COVID-19. Those who have an allergic reaction to any vaccine Individuals should consult their healthcare provider in the past before receiving the COVID-19 vaccine.”
Education is crucial, which is why Thompson encourages people who are hesitant to get a vaccine to identify any barriers to receiving the COVID-19 vaccine so that they can work hard to minimize these concerns. “Read the evidence and discuss the best option with your healthcare provider instead of listening to the opinions of individuals who are not experts in this area,” she said.
Vaccine misinformation floods
Kelly Mudon, MD, a family medicine physician and faculty member at the Brodes H. Hartley, Jr. Health Center for Community Health Education in South Florida, said: “One of the important components of encouraging people to be vaccinated is education. If we are to achieve high vaccines The vaccination rate, patients need to understand the safety and effectiveness of vaccination.”
When we can compare what people know with things they are not familiar with, Mudon emphasizes how they can become more comfortable. “This can definitely be applied to our current COVID vaccination situation. The more we understand the psychology and behavioral aspects of vaccination, the better,” she said.
Kelly Muden, MD
This can definitely be applied to our current COVID vaccination situation. The more we understand the psychology and behavior of vaccination, the better.
— Kelly Muden, MD
Mudon said: “It is important to remember that the study shows that the target population is a unique group of undecided, seemingly open-minded people who desire knowledge and seem to be active thinkers and researchers who want to independently find data and truth. Health. Professionals may encounter patients who are less open-minded.”
As a former educator and current doctor, Mudon believes that education is the solution to many of today’s problems. “Misinformation is rampant, so it’s important to continue to build trust with patients while continuing to learn about current research on COVID vaccination and all vaccinations,” she said.
What this means to you
As this study emphasizes, vaccine misinformation can be resolved through education. If you are trying to support family and friends who are hesitant about the vaccine, it may be helpful to share the efficacy of the vaccine, including a comparison with the annual flu vaccine. Ultimately, individuals need to work with their healthcare providers to make informed vaccine decisions.