vitiligo is a common skin pigmentation disorder. It is caused by depigmentation or loss of skin pigment, which causes characteristic white patches to appear on the skin.
This change in skin appearance is imperceptible. Vitiligo is not painful, but the white patches may be more sensitive to sunlight and burn more easily.
This article will discuss the symptoms of vitiligo, including whether the condition is painful, and how some people with vitiligo develop sun sensitivity and treatment options.
What is vitiligo?
Vitiligo is a skin pigmentation disorder in which parts of the skin lose color, resulting in white patches. If there is hair in these white patches, it may also turn white. Vitiligo is the most common type of skin pigmentation disorder; it affects 0.5%–2% of the global population.
Vitiligo is caused by destruction melanocytes, a type of skin cell. This causes white patches because melanocytes are responsible for producing melanin, a chemical that pigments the skin. In vitiligo, the body’s immune system attacks the melanocytes, classifying the condition as an autoimmune disease. Genetic factors may play a role – about 30% of vitiligo cases run in families.
Although colorless plaques can appear in multiple areas of the body, it is important to note that this is not due to the spread of the condition. Vitiligo is not contagious.It is caused by a misfire in the immune system in body of.
Types of Vitiligo
For some people with vitiligo, the condition is active and the vitiligo continues to develop over time, while for others the condition is stable and no new plaques appear after a certain period of time . There are four types of vitiligo:
- Non-segmented, it has six subtypes:
- trichomeslike a spectrum, starting with white, then light, then normal skin tones
- mucous membranewhere the mucous membranes of the mouth and/or genitals are affected
- hypopigmented vitiligo, follicular vitiligoand punctate leukoplakia
- Segmental, which occurs in only one area or side of the body
- Combination of mixed, non-segmental and segmental vitiligo
- Unclassified, such as isolated mucosal vitiligo that remains unchanged over time
Does vitiligo hurt?
Vitiligo is painless.Even if it’s an autoimmune disease, you can’t feel The immune system attacks the melanocytes that cause skin pigmentation. You also don’t feel anything as the color fades from the skin. Studies have shown that vitiligo also does not change the sensitivity of the affected skin area.
However, vitiligo is more prone to sunburn due to hypopigmentation due to loss of melanin. Sunburns can be painful. So sunscreen is a must for those patches (and skin in general) when exposed to the sun. Sun protection clothing such as long sleeves, pants or gloves can also be helpful.
While not painful, some people with vitiligo say they sometimes experience itchy skin, perhaps even before the vitiligo begins to appear.
This is the key to vitiligo skin and sun protection
How is vitiligo treated?
While there is no cure for vitiligo, it can be treated. Since vitiligo can cause differences in skin tone in certain parts of the body, the goal of treatment is to mask this difference. Treatment may include:
- camouflage therapy, including hiding differences in skin tone
- Repigmentation, the goal is to bring the color back to the skin
- depigmentation, Where there is already substantial depigmentation, such as in generalized vitiligo, it is more effective to remove the remaining pigment from the skin
- UV therapy to stop the spread of vitiligo
- Surgery, such as a skin graft from an unaffected area of the body to cover white patches
Of all these treatments, camouflage is the least invasive. In this case, the name of the game is Unity. For example, makeup can be used to mask colorless areas to match the skin tone of unaffected areas. If the colorless patch has hair in it and is therefore white, hair dye is an option.
While the treatment is cosmetic in nature—that is, masks white patches so they better match the patient’s usual skin color—it’s not purely superficial. Vitiligo can significantly affect a person’s self-esteem and may even affect their social interactions, as impeccably high cosmetic standards can even out skin tone.
So even though vitiligo is not physically painful, it can be mentally painful for someone with vitiligo. In addition to or in lieu of physical therapy, counseling may be helpful.
Here are some tips for people with vitiligo to build self-esteem
Vitiligo is a common skin pigmentation disorder in which white patches appear on certain areas of the skin due to a lack of pigment. It is caused by the destruction of melanocytes, but it is not felt. Vitiligo is painless and treatable.
Vitiligo is not physically painful. It feels no different than pigmented skin. The only thing that might make it painful is that the white patches get sunburned more easily. Sunscreen is always a good idea if your skin is exposed to the sun, but having these depigmented, melanin-free patches makes it all the more necessary.
Even if vitiligo is not physically painful, as we can all attest, having physical features that are beyond the “standard” can lead to mental difficulties. In other words, just because vitiligo isn’t painful on the outside, doesn’t mean it doesn’t cause deeper pain. Counseling and physical therapy may help repair lost self-esteem, but there’s more we can all do to make apparent differences appear on the surface—just differences, nothing more.
Frequently Asked Questions
How to pronounce vitiligo?
vitiligo pronunciation vit-il-EYE-go.
How fast does vitiligo spread?
In most cases, vitiligo starts as a few white patches, usually on the hands, forearms, feet, or face, and gradually spreads to other parts of the body. This could go on for several months. In some cases, larger patches continue to grow and spread across the skin, but usually they just stay in the same place.
How is vitiligo diagnosed?
The diagnosis of vitiligo is very simple. It can be seen with the naked eye. A healthcare professional will make a diagnosis based on white patches with sharp borders in specific patterns and body parts. A non-invasive skin biopsy can show that melanocytes are indeed absent, resulting in a marked lack of pigmentation.