Ecstasy-the street name for the chemical substance 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, abbreviated as MDMA-is a synthetic, psychoactive (thinking-altering) drug, hallucinogenic and similar to amphetamine characteristic. Its chemical structure is similar to the other two synthetic drugs, DA and methamphetamine, which are known to cause brain damage.
What is ecstasy?
Ecstasy was originally developed as a dietary adjuvant, but because it can reduce the inhibitory effect, it was also used in experiments during the consultation process. The drug is also known by many street names, including: Molly, Adam, Xtc, X, Hug, Go, Hug Drug, Beans, and Love Drug.
Although some secret laboratories have been discovered in the United States, most of the ecstasy sold in the United States is manufactured in Canada and smuggled into the United States. A small portion of ecstasy in the United States is manufactured in the Netherlands.
Ecstasy comes in the form of a tablet, usually with a graphic design or commercial logo. It is usually swallowed as a pill, but it can also be crushed and sniffed, injected or used as a suppository.
Ecstasy is very popular among middle-class teenagers and young people. It is sold in bars, underground nightclubs and rave parties, which are all-night parties.
Ecstasy is known for its energy-stimulating effects, distortions of time and perception, and enhanced enjoyment of physical experience. The effect lasts for three to four hours each time. The physical side effects of taking ecstasy can last for several weeks.
It became more and more popular in carnival and club scenes and university campuses in the late 1980s because it was known for producing high energy and it had an impact of trust and openness among those who accepted it.
Ecstasy can cause problems, similar to those found in people who use amphetamine and cocaine. Direct impacts may include:
- Loss of appetite
- Panic attack
- Reduce interest and pleasure in sex
- Significant decline in mental capacity
- sleep disorder
The health consequences of this drug may include:
- Blurred vision
- heart failure
- Hyperthermia (significant increase in body temperature)
- Unconsciously clenching and grinding teeth
- Renal Failure
- Loss of consciousness
- Muscle cramps
People who use ecstasy often experience muscle tension, involuntary gnashing of teeth, nausea, blurred vision, rapid eye movements, dizziness, chills, or sweating.
These medical consequences can be serious and potentially life-threatening. If you have a circulatory system disease or heart disease, ecstasy is very dangerous because this drug increases your heart rate and blood pressure.
Nearly 60% of MDMA users report withdrawal symptoms, including fatigue, loss of appetite, low mood and difficulty concentrating. Some people who use ecstasy require medication.
According to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), many ecstasy pills seized by law enforcement officers have been found to contain other drugs or combinations of drugs that may be harmful. MDMA is often used in combination with other drugs, such as:
- Dextromethorphan or DXM (a cough suppressant that has a PCP-like effect at high doses)
- Ephedrine (a stimulant)
- Ketamine (an anesthetic mainly used by veterinarians and also has an effect similar to PCP)
Combining or using drugs with MDMA, including marijuana and alcohol, is dangerous and puts you at higher physical risks.
In a study using monkeys, exposure to ecstasy for four consecutive days caused brain damage to serotonin nerve endings. This damage is still visible after seven years, which proves that people taking ecstasy may be at risk of permanent brain damage.
Studies have shown that ecstasy can damage neurons containing serotonin, which may cause long-term mood changes and may affect concentration, memory and other cognitive functions.
Drugs similar to ecstasy
The parent drug of ecstasy is MDA, a drug similar to amphetamine, and its chemical structure is similar to MDMA. PMA (p-Methoxyamphetamine, which has been linked to deaths in the United States and Australia) is sometimes sold as MDMA. Mephedrone is also a newly designed drug with similar effects.