Hero characteristics

What characteristics or qualities make a person a hero? Is there a hero gene? According to a recent study, the answer may depend on the type of heroism we are dealing with.

According to a paper published in 2010, researchers found that people who have performed one-time brave behaviors (such as rushing into a burning building or saving people from the path of an oncoming train) are not necessarily comparable to those who The groups are too different for non-heroes.

In contrast, people who engage in life-long heroism (such as professional nurses who often comfort the sick and dying) do have many important personality traits, such as empathy, nurturing, and the need to comply with ethical standards.

Definition of heroism

The scientific research of heroism is a relatively new topic in the field of psychology.

Researchers have provided different definitions of what makes a hero, but most people believe that heroism involves pro-social, altruistic behavior, which involves personal risk or sacrifice.

However, the researchers Franco, Blau and Zimbardo believe that heroism is not just about these. In their definition, the characteristics of heroism are:

  • Volunteer to serve others in need, whether for individuals, groups or communities
  • Perform actions without expecting any returns or external benefits
  • Acknowledge and accept the potential risks or sacrifices brought about by heroic actions

12 characteristics of heroism

Researchers do not necessarily agree that constitute the core characteristics of heroism. A study published in 2015 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Suggested heroes have 12 core characteristics, they are:

  • Brave
  • conviction
  • courage
  • determination
  • helpful
  • honest
  • Inspirational
  • Ethics
  • protected
  • Self-sacrifice
  • Selfless
  • strength
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The psychology of heroism may not be very clear, but many experts do believe that people can learn to be heroes. The following are just a few of the main characteristics that the researchers gave the hero.

Caring about the well-being of others

According to the researchers, empathy and compassion for others are key variables that contribute to heroic behavior.People who are eager to help others in the face of danger and adversity do so because they truly care about the safety and well-being of others.

A study published in 2009 found that people with heroic tendencies also have higher empathy.

People with heroic behavior care about and care about the people around them, and they can feel the feelings of those who need help.

Understand other perspectives

Researchers believe that heroes are not only compassionate and loving; they are good at seeing things from the perspective of others.It can be said that they can “walk a mile in someone else’s shoes”.

When they encounter a situation where they need help, they can immediately see that they are in the same situation and see what needs to be done to help.

Heroes have useful skills and advantages

Obviously, whether people have the training or physical ability to deal with crises can also play an important role in whether people become heroes.

In situations where potential rescuers lack professional knowledge or pure physical strength to function, people are less likely to help, or more likely to find less direct ways to act. In many cases, this method may be the best; after all, people rushing into dangerous situations unconsciously can cause greater difficulties for rescuers.

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Trained and capable people, such as those who have received first aid training and experience, are easier to prepare and able to come forward when their skills are needed.

Heroes have a powerful moral compass

According to heroism researchers Zimbardo and Franco, heroes have two basic qualities that differ from non-heroes: they live on their own values ​​and are willing to endure personal risks to protect them.

Their values ​​and personal beliefs give them the courage and determination to endure risks and even dangers in order to uphold these principles.

Heroes are capable and confident

It takes both skill and self-confidence to rush into areas that others dare not dare to set foot in. Researchers believe that people who exhibit heroic behavior tend to have confidence in themselves and their abilities.

When facing a crisis, they have an inherent belief that no matter what difficulties they encounter, they are capable of coping with challenges and achieving success. Part of this confidence may stem from above-average coping skills and the ability to manage stress.

Heroes are not afraid to face fear

A person rushing into a burning building to rescue another person is not only very brave; he or she also has the ability to overcome fear. Researchers believe that heroes are essentially positive thinkers, which helps them to transcend immediate danger and see more optimistic results.

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In many cases, these people may also have a higher risk tolerance. Many caring and kind people may shrink back when facing danger. Those who actually take action are generally more likely to take greater risks in multiple aspects of life.

The heroes continue to work hard for their goals, even after many setbacks. Persistence is another quality shared by heroes.

In a 2010 study, researchers found that people identified as heroes are more likely to have a positive impact on negative events.

When faced with potentially life-threatening diseases, people with heroic tendencies may pay attention to the possible benefits of this situation, such as recognizing life or getting closer to loved ones.

“The decision to act heroically is a choice that many of us will be asked to make at some point in time. Treat heroism as a universal attribute of human nature, rather than a rare feature of a few’heroic voters’.” Heroism seems to be everyone All possibilities may inspire more of us to respond to this call,” wrote Zeno Franco and Philip Zimbardo, researchers of heroism.

Very good sentence

Researchers have found that in many ways, heroes are no different from most people. However, you can build many skills to improve your hero characteristics.

Building empathy, becoming capable and skilled, and persevering in the face of obstacles are all abilities that you can work overtime. By doing this, you can improve your ability to help others and survive when needed.

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