Ativan (lorazepam) is a commonly used medicine used to treat panic disorder and other anxiety disorders. It is a type of benzodiazepine, a class of drugs sometimes called sedatives or tranquilizers because they have a calming and relaxing effect on the body.Other common benzodiazepines include Xanax (alprazolam), Klonopin (clonazepam), and Valium (diazepam).
Although Ativan is most commonly used to treat anxiety disorders, it is often used to treat anxiety symptoms that accompany other mental illnesses and other illnesses, although it is not approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (aka “off-label use”). For example. Some doctors prescribe Ativan for abstinence from alcohol, to prevent nausea and vomiting and insomnia during chemotherapy.of
Illustration by JR Bee, VigorTip
How Ativan treats panic disorder
Neurotransmitters in the brain, called gamma-aminobutyric acid receptors (GABA), are partly responsible for regulating sleep and feelings of relaxation and anxiety. Ativan acts on these receptors to slow down the central nervous system (CNS).This will reduce excessive excitement and excitement in the brain, resulting in a calming and relaxing effect.
By suppressing the central nervous system, Ativan can also reduce the intensity of anxiety and panic attacks. Ativan works quickly, making it an effective solution for the temporary management of panic symptoms. The drug enters your system relatively quickly and lasts for several hours.of
Side effects of Ativan
Some of the most common side effects of Ativan include:
- Blurred vision
- Dry mouth
- Lack of coordination or instability
- Lost interest in sex
If these side effects persist or increase in severity, please contact your doctor.
If you take Ativan, some serious side effects may also occur. These include mental and emotional changes, hallucinations, suicidal thoughts, difficulty walking and breathing problems. If you experience any of these symptoms, call your doctor immediately.
Ativan and addiction
Like all benzodiazepines, Ativan is classified as a controlled substance, which means that its possession and use are regulated by the government. Ativan may be abused, leading to physical or psychological dependence. Typical withdrawal symptoms include sleep disturbance, irritability, nervousness, and muscle cramps.
Your doctor may discuss strategies to minimize the risk of addiction. Do not try to stop taking the medicine by yourself. If you decide to stop the prescription, your prescribing doctor will help you gradually reduce the dose.
Additional precautions for taking Ativan
If you have a history of certain diseases, you should be cautious.Before taking Ativan, if you are diagnosed with these or any other diseases, please consult your doctor:
- Drug or alcohol addiction
- Liver disease
- Lung disease
- sleep apnea
Ativan drug interactions
Ativan inhibits the central nervous system (CNS).Avoid alcohol and certain drugs that have similar effects on the central nervous system. Make sure your doctor understands all your current prescription and over-the-counter medicines.
Drowsiness and dizziness
Feeling tired and dizzy are common side effects of Ativan.Before you get used to the effects of this drug on you, be cautious when driving or performing other tasks that require your full attention.
Pregnancy and nursing
Ativan may be passed to children during pregnancy or breastfeeding.Discuss the risks of using Ativan during pregnancy or breastfeeding with your doctor.
Elderly people taking Ativan
The side effects of Ativan are usually more pronounced in the elderly. To limit these effects, your doctor may need to adjust your dosage. This information is intended to provide a general overview of using Ativan to treat panic disorder. If you have any questions or concerns about your prescription, you should consult your doctor or pharmacist.