How to deal with corn and calluses

Corns and calluses are thick, hardened, build-up areas of dead skin cells caused by repeated rubbing, rubbing, or pressure. They can form anywhere on the body, but are most commonly found on the hands, toes, heels, or soles.

both are results hyperkeratosis– A thickening of the outer layer of the skin, called the stratum corneum. For example, if your shoes repeatedly rub against an area on your foot, the gradual build-up of inflammation and scar tissue may lead to the formation of corns or calluses.

While people tend to think of corns and calluses as interchangeable, they differ in appearance, cause, and sensitivity.

This article explores the similarities and differences between corns and calluses.

corn

Corns are small, well-defined areas of thickened skin that usually form on the bony areas of the foot, such as the toe joints.They occur most often when the skin is thin and hairless (meaning, hairless and smooth).

Corns differ from calluses in that they have a hard core surrounded by inflamed skin. Because their shape is often well-defined, they are often mistaken for warts.

Like warts, corn usually hardens and develops a flaky, dry, or waxy surface. Corns, however, can be distinguished by their location on the top of the foot and between the toes, not on the bottom of the foot. Warts can also appear in clusters, whereas corns usually do not and can develop anywhere on the body.

There are two types of corn: soft corn and hard corn. Soft corns can develop on the damp skin between the toes due to abnormal friction, such as walking in tight, pointed shoes. They tend to be whitish in color and have a pliable texture.

Tough corns can grow on dry, flat areas of skin, especially the parts of the foot bones that are tightly compressed in shoes. Hard corns form where the bone directly touches the inside of a shoe (especially shoes with abnormally curled toes). They tend to be small and round and coexist with calluses.

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In both soft and hard corn there is a barley-shaped core that extends perpendicular to the foot from the top of the corn to the tissue below. Because of its shape and location, the hardened core can sometimes compress nerve endings, causing sharp tingling.

Off the list are tiny “seed corns” that typically develop on the soles of feet. Although they are small, they are still painful.

How to know if you have warts and what you can do about it

calluses

Calluses are less defined patches of thickened skin. Often larger than corns and rarely painful, they are caused by prolonged application of friction or pressure. For example, years of writing with a pencil can lead to calluses on the middle finger of the writing hand.

Calluses tend to involve larger areas of skin, especially under the heels or on the palms, knees, or balls of the feet. The skin can sometimes become smooth, firm or rough, dry and patchy. Some repetitive activities that can cause calluses include:

  • chop wood
  • Construction work
  • play on the horizontal bar
  • Play sports using equipment with handles, such as tennis or golf balls
  • rock climbing
  • boating
  • Play or pluck guitar strings
  • walking barefoot
  • wear high heel shoes
  • weightlifting

Look at the calluses this way

Callus can be considered a form of protection because the layer of dead skin cells resists blisters and friction.

The only time the callus causes pain is when it ruptures and exposes the underlying tissue. This is not uncommon in heel calluses, where the thick layer of skin is less able to bend. Once a crack has formed, it can make walking difficult; any additional pressure placed on the heel increases the size and depth of the crack.

treatment at home

Most corns and calluses do not require medication and can be treated at home with simple over-the-counter products. Safe handling of callus or corn:

  • Eliminate the source of irritation. This move may require you to wear different shoes or replace shoes that are too tight or too loose. This is especially true when your feet begin to age and begin to experience changes in the arch or skin thickness. In some cases, orthopedic shoes or orthopedic insoles may be required to compensate for any abnormalities in foot structure and/or gait. A foot analysis by a podiatrist can also help.
  • Soak feet or hands in warm water. A good soak of 10 to 20 minutes can soften the skin and help relieve some pain. When you’re done, dry your skin thoroughly.
  • Sand the skin with a pumice stone. You will need to gently remove some superficial skin, usually on larger thick skins. Soaking your skin beforehand makes this task easier. When you’re done, use an extra-thick, emollient-rich lotion or cream to lock in moisture and keep skin soft.
  • Pad callus or corn. The best way to deal with pain and promote healing is to use a filler around the affected skin area. Sticky cornflakes and elastic toe wraps can be found at most drugstores.

How to avoid mistakes and find the best heels for you

To protect a larger area of ​​skin, ask your pharmacist for gel insoles or heel cups. If calluses or corn are on your hands, cover them with a bandage and wear protective gloves while you work.

There are also a wide variety of over-the-counter corn removers that often contain Salicylic acid acid. While they are effective at removing corn, discontinue use if you experience any pain or skin irritation.

You should avoid these products if you have diabetic neuropathy or any condition that affects blood flow to your feet (such as peripheral arterial disease). Conditions like these can hinder normal healing and lead to the development of hard-to-treat sores and ulcers.

be careful

If you have diabetes, peripheral neuropathy (nerve pain in the feet), leg edema (fluid overload in the feet and ankles), or any chronic circulation problems, don’t try to treat your corns or calluses on your own. Always see a doctor.

when to see a doctor

If the corn or callus becomes painful or bleeding, have it checked by a podiatrist. Pain or bleeding indicates that the deeper layers of the skin have been affected. Ignoring these symptoms can lead to other avoidable complications, such as infections or ulcers.

Treatment may involve debridement (removal of damaged tissue) or debridement (cutting away) of the corn with a scalpel.It is important to note Corns and calluses often recur even with effective treatment. If they become problematic, surgery may be an option (especially for corns). This option should only be considered if all other conservative forms of treatment have failed to provide relief.

In this case, surgery Enucleated (removal of the hard nucleus), bunionectomy (removal of the bunion), or foot alignment surgery may be other options worth considering.

Learn how to have beautiful feet in a few easy steps

generalize

Corns and calluses are thick, hardened, build-up areas of dead skin cells caused by repeated rubbing, rubbing, or pressure. They can form anywhere on the body, but are most commonly found on the hands, toes, heels, or soles.

They are similar but different. Corns are small, well-defined areas of thickened skin that usually form in the bony areas of the foot, such as the toe joints. Corns differ from calluses in that they have a hard core surrounded by inflamed skin. Calluses are less defined patches of thickened skin. Often larger than corns and rarely painful, they are caused by friction or pressure experienced over a long period of time.

Most corns and calluses do not require medication and can be treated at home with over-the-counter products. However, if the corn becomes painful or bleeding, see a podiatrist.