How to treat a laceration

A sort of laceration An irregular incision in the skin caused by a sharp object. Such cuts are the most common reason for emergency room visits in the United States. Between 7 and 9 million cases are reported each year.

Treatment for lacerations depends on the cause and depth of the tear. Treating wounds the right way can prevent infection, scarring, and hospitalization. In some cases, it may save your life.

This article will explain how to treat a laceration. You will also know when to seek medical attention.

How to Treat a Finger Cut

steps to treat a laceration

Some cuts can be treated in a first aid kit at home. However, if the wound is deep and the bleeding doesn’t stop, emergency medical attention is needed.

If you or someone else is cut, follow these general guidelines.

be careful

Before you start helping the injured person, make sure you are safe. For example, some cuts bleed a lot. You need to try to prevent other people’s blood from getting on you.

When you are caring for someone who is sick or injured, do your best to prevent infection. Steps you can take to stay safe are called universal precautions.

Wearing disposable gloves and a mask (if you have one) is another step you can take. These items are called personal protective equipment. They help keep you and those in your care safe.

control bleeding

The most important step in caring for a wound is preventing blood loss. There are several ways to do this.

First, apply pressure directly to the wound. Then, the injured area is elevated to the level of the person’s heart. Stay there for about 15 minutes. This should be long enough to stop the bleeding.

If the wound is still bleeding, try applying pressure to the groin or elbow. These pressure points can help stop bleeding.

tourniquet

A tourniquet is a tight band that stops blood flow to a part of the body. Tourniquets can stop bleeding, but only as a last resort.

Even if someone wears a tourniquet correctly, it can still cause harm. They should only be used if medical care cannot be provided soon enough to help someone’s life or death.

It is best that only trained personnel (such as first responders) should wear tourniquets.

Know when to call 911

If you cannot stop the bleeding, call 911. Excessive blood loss is dangerous. If a large artery is severed, a person can lose a fatal amount of blood within 5 minutes.

clean the wound

Once the bleeding stops, wash the wound and surrounding skin. Use warm water and mild soap, and be gentle. If the cut is deep, it may start bleeding again if you’re not careful.

If the bleeding starts again, reapply the pressure. If you cannot stop the bleeding, call 911.

stitches (if needed)

Once the wound is clean and not bleeding, you will need to see if the wound needs stitches. Incisions deeper or longer than half an inch may need to be sutured.

Sutures are required if the incision is deep enough to reveal bone, muscle, or fatty tissue.

A large laceration will eventually heal on its own without stitches, but stitching it will help it heal faster. It also prevents bacteria from entering and reduces the risk of infection. Stitches can also prevent scarring.

Apply preservatives

For smaller incisions that don’t require stitches, apply antiseptic ointment and adhesive bandages to them. An example is the butterfly closure bandage. Your first aid child may have one of these.

The dressing keeps the wound clean and prevents infection. It can also help prevent scarring.

wrap the wound

After the wound is bandaged, cover it with sterile gauze. Your first aid kit should have a roll or roll. You can hold the gauze in place or wrap it with an elastic bandage.

Check for infection

As the wound heals, look for signs of infection. Check the dressing daily for oozing or heavy bleeding. Clean the wound every time you change the dressing.

Call your doctor if the wound starts to swell or ooze pus.

control pain

Lacerations can be painful. Putting an ice pack on top might help. You may need to take an over-the-counter (OTC) pain reliever such as Tylenol (acetaminophen) or Advil (ibuprofen).

Keeping the wound elevated can reduce swelling and ease discomfort.

Get footage (if needed)

Dirty or old objects may have bacteria on them. Some of these bacteria can make you very sick. If you are cut by such an object, you may need a tetanus shot or a booster tetanus shot.

risks of tetanus The value is higher if the wound is on your foot, cannot be cleaned immediately, or is bitten by an animal.

Animal bites can also cause rabies. If you are bitten by an animal, always seek medical attention.

when to call the doctor

An infected wound can become an emergency. Seek immediate medical attention if you have:

  • swelling, pain, or redness around the wound
  • red stripe near the wound pointing to your heart
  • Pus flowing into or out of the wound
  • numbness around the wound
  • Temperatures over 100.4 F

How to tell if the incision is infected

generalize

Lacerations are cuts with irregular edges. They are usually caused by sharp objects. You may be able to treat the wound at home with basic first aid. More serious injuries require medical attention.

Wounds from objects and animal bites that may harbor bacteria always require medical attention. You should also seek medical attention if the wound shows signs of infection.

VigorTip words

Lacerations are common injuries. A home first aid kit might be all the wounds you need to take care of, and that’s not too bad. However, wounds that don’t stop bleeding, show signs of infection, or were bitten by animals require more care than you can do yourself.

It is important to know when to seek emergency help for a laceration. Cuts can be very dangerous if not handled properly. Learning the basics first and knowing the signs of a wound infection can save your life.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • How do you treat a deep cut without sutures?

    Sutures, staples, or skin adhesives are necessary to treat the deepest incisions. The longer the wound remains open, the higher the risk of infection. However, if you cannot close the wound, be sure to stop the bleeding and call emergency medical care for help.

  • What is the difference between tear and wear?

    A laceration is when a sharp object pierces the skin and subcutaneous tissue, creating a serrated cut or tear. The resulting wound can be deep, shallow, wide or narrow.

    Abrasion is when the skin is pushed against a rough or bumpy surface to cause scratching. Abrasion doesn’t usually cut into the skin like a tear, so there’s usually less bleeding involved.

  • Do I need stitches if the wound stops bleeding?

    Depending on certain factors, you may still need stitches even after the wound has stopped bleeding. If you have any of the following questions, you should call professional medical services as soon as possible.

    • Is the incision long or deep?
    • Is there anything inside the incision that shouldn’t be there, such as a foreign body?
    • Was the wound caused by an animal or human bite, or was it punctured by an object? These can all lead to infection.
    • Is the wound on the hand, mouth, face or genitals?

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