How to treat vitamin A deficiency in birds?
Treatment consists of treating secondary infections, supplementing with vitamin A and converting the bird to a good quality pellet diet. Parenteral vitamin A can be administered (100,000 U/kg, IM). Vitamin A precursors, such as spirolin, sprinkled on food daily are a safe way to supplement vitamin A deficient diets.
How much vitamin A does a bird need?
An example of a vitamin A requirement is cited as 40 IU per parakeet, up to a safe maximum of 2500 IU (Harper & Skinner, 1998). Lower levels can be achieved with as little as 0.4g of carrots per day, but it would take 200g of millet seeds to provide the same amount – that’s five times the average weight of a parakeet !
What causes vitamin A deficiency in birds?
Birds whose diet consists exclusively of seeds and nuts, especially sunflower seeds and peanuts, tend to have vitamin A deficiency. Deficiency is usually not diagnosed in pet birds.
How to add vitamin A?
The best sources of vitamin A are:
- Cod liver oil.
- Fortified breakfast cereals.
- Enriched skim milk.
- Orange and yellow vegetables and fruits.
- Other sources of beta-carotene such as broccoli, spinach, and most dark green leafy vegetables.
Why is vitamin A important for seed-eating birds?
Vitamin A Deficiency: Vitamin A plays an important role in bird health and is crucial for a healthy immune system. Hypovitaminosis A causes squamous metaplasia of the epithelium in the oropharynx, choanae, sinuses, gastrointestinal tract, urogenital tact, reproductive tract and oil gland as well as hyperkeratosis of the feet.
What disease is caused by vitamin A?
(Retinol deficiency) Vitamin A deficiency can result from insufficient intake, fat malabsorption, or liver disorders. Deficiency impairs immunity and hematopoiesis and causes typical skin rashes and eye effects (eg, xerophthalmia, night blindness).
What are vitamin A supplements used for?
Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin found naturally in many foods. Vitamin A is important for normal vision, the immune system and reproduction. Vitamin A also helps the heart, lungs, kidneys and other organs to function properly.
Why is vitamin A important for birds?
What foods provide vitamin A?
The main dietary sources of vitamin A in the American diet include dairy products, liver, fish, and fortified cereals; the main sources of provitamin A are carrots, broccoli, cantaloupe and squash [4,5].
What should I feed my pet bird with vitamin A deficiency?
Birds whose diet consists exclusively of seeds and nuts, especially sunflower seeds and peanuts, tend to have vitamin A deficiency. Deficiency is usually not diagnosed in pet birds. Instead, you should supplement the bird’s diet with fruits and vegetables, which are rich in different vitamins, proteins and minerals.
What kind of vitamins should I give my parrot?
* Birds that prefer seeds should be given a commercial parrot vitamin supplement sprinkled on their food or in the water. AviVita Plus is a daily multivitamin, mineral and amino acid supplement for pet birds, and it helps maintain the overall health of your pet birds. Aviglo Red Palm Oil is a rich source of vitamin A, carotenes and antioxidants.
What foods are rich in vitamin C for birds?
They are also high in vitamin C, helping your pet build and maintain a healthy immune system. Try cutting up chunks of seedless melon and offer it to your bird as a treat. You can also incorporate melons into fun bird treat recipes that you can make at home.
Why are vitamins and minerals important for birds?
Improving the vitamin and mineral profile of your birds diet is a great way to get a head start and keep them healthy, i.e. prevent disease in the first place. It’s so much easier than trying to resuscitate them once they’ve contracted some kind of infection.