Hyperglycemia symptoms in people without diabetes

Hyperglycemia — high blood sugar — is often associated with people with diabetes, but it can also affect those without diabetes.

Like hyperglycemia in diabetes, these symptoms are hard to feel and easily overlooked, so the condition often goes untreated. The recommended blood sugar range is 80 to 130 mg/dL, but hyperglycemia is diagnosed when levels reach above 180 mg/dL two hours after eating, Although symptoms may be felt at blood sugar levels between 160 mg/dL and 180 mg/dL.

Nondiabetic hyperglycemia usually occurs after the body has experienced some type of traumatic or stressful event. When the source of the injury or stressful event improves, it usually resolves, but this is not always the case.

Hyperglycemia: Signs, Symptoms, and Complications

common symptoms

The symptoms of non-diabetic hyperglycemia are similar to those of diabetic hyperglycemia. They include:

  • increased thirst
  • frequent urination
  • blurred vision
  • nausea and vomiting
  • stomach ache
  • fatigue
  • headache

If you do not have diabetes but have risk factors for diabetes, such as obesity, a family history of diabetes, or mild symptoms of low or high blood sugar, you may want to consult a diabetes specialist who can perform appropriate tests to definitively diagnose your condition. You can also check your blood sugar levels at home with a blood sugar monitoring kit.

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Obesity, family history of diabetes, recent surgery, and certain medications increase the risk of complications. Untreated nondiabetic hyperglycemia can cause:

  • Nerve damage (neuropathy)
  • Damaged arteries and blood vessels, increasing the risk of heart attack and stroke
  • slow healing
  • Infections develop by impairing your immune system

If you experience symptoms of high blood sugar, you may need to take insulin or other forms of blood sugar-regulating drugs to control your blood sugar levels. In non-diabetic hyperglycemia, the subsidence of the triggers or stressors that caused the high blood sugar spikes usually causes your hyperglycemia to subside.

When to see a healthcare professional

Hyperglycemia can occur suddenly after an injury or illness. Call 911 or have someone call you if you experience any of the following symptoms:

  • fever
  • persistent diarrhea
  • persistent nausea or vomiting
  • fruity
  • severe headache
  • attack
  • difficulty breathing or speaking
  • weakness or confusion

The above signs and symptoms can be a sign of diabetic ketoacidosis or something more serious and can be life-threatening if left untreated. Fortunately, recognizing and treating these symptoms right away can quickly improve your high blood sugar levels.

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While more research is needed to elucidate the long-term effects of hyperglycemia in people without diabetes—especially after acute injury—one thing is clear: a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet and daily exercise, is essential to avoid hyperglycemia Best approach and acute complications.

Prevent high blood sugar:

  • Exercise: Get at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity per week. This can help you lower your blood sugar when you have high blood sugar and keep your blood sugar levels stable over time. Children should get at least 60 minutes of physical activity every day.
  • Maintain a healthy weight: A healthy weight can help you lower your blood sugar levels. If you are overweight, ask your provider to help you with a weight loss plan. Together, you can set manageable weight loss goals.
  • Follow a meal plan: If you can contact a dietitian, they can help you create a meal plan to help lower blood sugar levels. The key is to increase your green vegetable intake while reducing the number of carbohydrates you eat.
  • Don’t smoke: The nicotine and other chemicals in cigarettes and cigars can not only cause lung damage, but also make it harder to control your blood sugar levels. Quitting smoking — including e-cigarettes or smokeless tobacco that still contains nicotine — can help you lower your blood sugar levels in the short and long term.
  • Limit or no alcohol: Alcohol can increase your blood sugar levels. Ask your healthcare provider about the frequency and amount of alcohol you can safely drink.
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Sometimes you simply cannot avoid hyperglycemia. Genetic susceptibility and traumatic events are beyond our control, but a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet and daily exercise, can help us avoid hyperglycemia and its many complications.

The symptoms of hyperglycemia can be vague, so it’s important to monitor how you’re feeling. Seek immediate medical attention if you have a severe headache, sudden blurred vision, or notice a change in your eating habits. Early diagnosis and treatment have been shown to reduce the risk of complications and adverse outcomes.