Impact and treatment of frontal lobe head trauma

Trauma or damage to the frontal lobe of the brain can lead to a wide range of problems and personality changes. This is because the frontal lobes are responsible for shaping social behavior and personal characteristics. It controls things like personality, decision making, motivation and voluntary movement.

This article discusses the function of the frontal lobe and how it is injured. It also covers the long-term effects of frontal lobe damage and how to treat it.

frontal lobe anatomy

The brain is divided into multiple lobes or parts: frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal, limbic, and insular cortex.

The frontal lobes are located at the front of the brain. It starts behind the eyebrows and extends up to the forehead, covering about a third of the top of the head.

The left and right sides of the frontal lobe handle some different functions. The right frontal lobe is primarily associated with nonverbal skills, such as interpreting social cues or observing people’s reactions. The left frontal lobe has greater control over language expression.

The left and right sides of the frontal lobe are connected to each other. Damage to both parties tends to have far-reaching consequences.


The frontal lobes are located at the front of the brain. The right frontal lobe processes non-verbal skills, while the left frontal lobe controls language skills.

brain anatomy

Causes of head trauma

The frontal lobe is one of the most common brain regions affected by head trauma. Common causes include being hit in the head:

  • car dashboard
  • front handle of bicycle
  • ground thrown from motorcycle
  • A tree or other immobile object in motion
  • attacker with blunt weapon

If the skull is fractured, it is called an open injury. An open skull fracture on the frontal lobe may push bone fragments into the brain tissue. It also increases the risk of infection because bacteria, fungi and other infectious organisms can come into contact with the brain.

A closed frontal lobe injury means the skull has not been ruptured or punctured. If the impact causes any nerves and tissue to bleed or tear, the damage to the brain may still be severe.

long term impact

Damage to the frontal lobes can lead to a variety of personality and behavioral changes. Some factors that can impair learning include:

  • Attention and attention problems
  • Difficulty solving complex problems
  • language difficulties
  • Critical thinking slows down

Changed social behaviors may include:

  • Impatience and intolerance towards others
  • Impulsive, risky behavior
  • verbal and physical outbursts
  • poor judgment
  • Negative emotions
  • indifferent
  • rigidity and rigidity
  • egocentric

Other problems may be more medical in nature, such as:

  • frustrated
  • movement disorder
  • Insomnia
  • drug abuse

Frontal lobe damage from head trauma manifests in many different ways. This may depend on the severity of the injury, which parts of the frontal lobe were injured, and pre-existing personality traits.

Symptoms of frontal lobe damage

Diagnosis and Treatment

For head trauma or brain injury, the first steps of treatment focus on stopping bleeding, controlling swelling, and nerve death.

Many diagnostic tools are available to help evaluate head trauma and brain injury. It is common to have X-rays and CT scans (computed tomography) done right after an injury. X-rays can help show if you have any fractures in your skull. CT scans generate 3D images to show more detail of skull fractures or bleeding.

Next, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans can be used to further identify which areas of the brain are damaged.

If severe bleeding causes pressure on the brain, surgery may be needed to stop the bleeding and remove the blood.

Open fractures may require surgical repair. Any foreign body that has entered the brain needs to be removed. Bleeding must be stopped, and the wound needs to be stabilized and closed.

After a frontal lobe injury, rehabilitation is an important part of recovery. Because the front part of the brain is closely related to behavior, a neuropsychologist might perform personality and skill tests.

These tests help determine which skills need to be retrained. Interviews with patients, family, and friends help the medical team and therapist understand how the injury has changed the person.

From there, the medical team will develop a brain injury recovery plan. The goal is to get the person as close to their original functional state as possible.


The frontal lobes are located at the front of the brain. Trauma or damage to this part of the brain can lead to personality and behavioral changes. It can lead to attention problems, language difficulties, impulsive behavior, and inappropriate social behavior.

Frontal lobe trauma may require surgery if there is bleeding or any foreign body in the brain. After your condition has stabilized, recovery is an important part of recovery. Your medical team will evaluate your injury and develop a brain rehabilitation plan to help you regain your skills.