infant asthma

asthma is a chronic disease of the pulmonary airways. Diagnosing asthma in infants is nearly impossible because of their small size, which makes it difficult to measure their lung function. Additionally, symptoms such as coughing and wheezing may be related to the baby’s environment or other medical conditions. Fortunately, children with asthma can grow and develop normally.

This article provides an overview of some of the symptoms of asthma, asthma-like conditions, causes, diagnosis, and possible treatments.

Symptoms of Asthma and Similar Conditions in Babies

Babies may experience some or all of the following asthma-related symptoms:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Difficulty breathing (symptoms include open nostrils and excessive abdominal movement)
  • shortness of breath when sitting or playing
  • respite
  • cough
  • difficulty sucking or eating
  • less active or increasingly tired
  • discoloration of the fingertips or nail bed (gray or white on dark skin and blue on light skin)

To understand your baby’s signs of asthma, pay attention to the sounds they make while sleeping or resting. Gagging and squeaking are normal, while wheezing and coughing are not.

Causes and Risk Factors

Asthma and asthma-like conditions have many causes and risk factors (also called triggers), including:

  • Allergies: These can include pet dander allergies caused by proteins in the skin and hair, as well as environmental allergies like grass or pollen.
  • Acid reflux: A sign of acid reflux is vomiting after eating.
  • Formula feeding: Breastfeeding can prevent or delay asthma, although this has been debated in the scientific literature.
  • Environmental factors: These may include exposure to smoke (whether in the womb or at home), mold in your home, or pollutants in your home or the area you live in.
  • Food allergies: If your baby is old enough to eat solid foods, food allergies may be a cause.
  • Gender: Boys have higher rates of asthma than girls.
  • Respiratory infections: Frequent respiratory infections can increase your risk of developing asthma.
  • Race: Blacks, Latinos, and Native Americans have higher rates of asthma than whites.
  • Low birth weight: Babies with low birth weight may not have fully developed lungs.
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A family history of asthma is also an important risk factor for the disease in children.

Knowing your child’s triggers can help you and your healthcare provider determine a diagnosis of asthma or other conditions. You can also monitor and track symptoms at home so you know when to seek medical attention.

seasonal effects

Depending on the time of year and changes in weather, asthma can come and go. Identifying triggers, whether internal or environmental, will help identify patterns of asthma attacks.


Asthma cannot really be diagnosed in infants because they are too small for standard lung function tests. Also, most babies experience some wheezing when they catch the common cold or other viruses. Babies with structural abnormalities sometimes wheeze, which is similar to asthma symptoms.

The Asthma Prediction Index (API) was developed in 2000 to predict whether children will develop asthma by the time they reach school age, following a study of young children with wheezing attacks. API tests for certain infections, skin conditions, allergies and family history of asthma. It continues to be used around the world as a predictor of asthma.

In addition to APIs, healthcare providers may examine babies by observing their breathing and listening to their heart and lungs. stethoscope.

Often, it’s nearly impossible to do a breath test on a baby, so providers can learn more with blood tests, allergy tests, or a chest X-ray to look at the lungs and heart. Most kids aren’t diagnosed with asthma until they’re about 5 years old, when they’re old enough to be instructed to have a breath test.

age at diagnosis

By the time children are 5 years old, they will be old enough to have a breathing test called a spirometry. This test measures the amount of air you can breathe in and out of your lungs, and how easily and quickly you can blow air out of your lungs.

How to Choose an Asthma Specialist


Medication options can be used to reduce inflammation, open up the airways, and help your baby breathe better.

Medications may vary depending on the severity of asthma. Some common medications include:

  • Anti-inflammatory drugs: Drugs such as Singulair (montelukast) are used to treat allergies and asthma.
  • Bronchodilator: These medicines help open the airways.types include salbutamol Sulfate (ProAirP, Proventil, and Ventolin), which are quick-relief drugs that open the airways immediately.
  • corticosteroids: This form of treatment relieves inflammation. Brands include Flovent, Pulmicort and Asmanex.

treatment like this Bronchodilator and corticosteroids Works well and fast.

Babies can also use Atomizer The drug is delivered to the lungs by turning the liquid into a breathable mist. The mask holds the nebulizer in place so that the baby gets the full dose.

Asthma may last for a while, but it is likely to come back. Some people end up with seasonal asthma, while others have it all the time. Having medication ready in the event of an emergency asthma attack is one way to manage the condition.

Overview of Asthma Treatment


Dealing with chronic illness can be stressful, but there are support groups that can be helpful.

The American Lung Association has a group called Living With Asthma, as does the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America. Each member understands what it’s like to live with the situation and may offer tips and tricks to help your child live well with asthma.

journey of a lifetime

Asthma may always be a part of your child’s life. As they age, they will eventually be able to manage it on their own by learning about the trigger and using their treatments, such as a rescue inhaler.


Asthma is a chronic lung disease. It can affect babies, but isn’t really diagnosed until around age 5. It can be mistaken for other illnesses like the common cold, so tracking symptoms and their duration can help your pediatrician decide what to do next. Medications are often used to treat asthma and turn on the baby’s airwaves.

VigorTip words

Having a baby with breathing difficulties is scary. But remember, you know your baby better than anyone and will know if they are having trouble sleeping, eating and irritability. If you notice any signs of wheezing, contact your healthcare provider to discuss your concerns. Symptoms can be counteracted with effective medications.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What can I do to control my baby’s asthma?

    Your healthcare provider, pediatrician, or asthma specialist can help your baby by giving breathing therapy or prescribing medication to give it safely at home.

  • Can my baby get rid of asthma?

    Unfortunately, asthma is a chronic, lifelong lung disease. It may fade for weeks, months or even years at a time, but it is likely to come back. Some people suffer from seasonal asthma, while others experience it year-round.

  • What can I do to reduce my baby’s asthma symptoms?

    Keep your baby away from environments or other triggers that make asthma worse. You may also want to keep your baby away from pets until you can rule out pet allergies as a trigger. Knowing your baby’s triggers is the best way to reduce symptoms.