BOTOX Cosmetic is a purified and safe botulinum toxin type A, which is produced by microorganisms and causes botulism. When injected, BOTOX temporarily numbs the facial muscles, preventing them from creating deep wrinkles, crow’s feet, and wrinkles in the skin.
Wrinkles are caused by a combination of lack of collagen in the skin, cellular changes in the body, environmental changes and exposure to sunlight. BOTOX is manufactured by Allergan, Inc. and is used to treat other diseases, including:
- overactive bladder
- chronic migraine
- chronic pain
- neck spasms
- cervical dystonia
- upper extremity spasm
- muscle twitch
Originally approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of blepharospasm, eye and muscle spasms, BOTOX Cosmetic is recognized for the cosmetic value it provides. By placing the injection correctly, BOTOX Cosmetic prevents nerve impulses from being sent to the muscle. It weakens them so they cannot shrink. This results in the temporary elimination of moderately severe grooves and lines.
There are three other brands of botulinum toxin type A: Dysport, Xeomin and Reujuveau.
Procedure and Results
Using a very fine needle, BOTOX Cosmetic is injected into the facial muscles that cause wrinkles and fine lines.
For patients who want to reduce crow’s feet or frown lines, doctors will inject BOTOX Cosmetic into the following areas of the face:
- Crow’s feet: BOTOX will be injected into three areas of the orbicularis oculi muscle, the muscle that makes up the side of the eye.
- Wrinkle lines: BOTOX will be injected into two muscles in the forehead – the frontalis and the frown.
- Forehead Level: BOTOX is injected into the frontalis muscle of the forehead.
- Vertical Lip Line: Inject BOTOX into the upper lip.
Before injecting BOTOX Cosmetic, your doctor may choose to numb the area with an ice pack or topical anesthetic cream. Patients will begin to see results within a few days of treatment and can last for up to four months, although regularly treated areas may have more lasting results. Injections of BOTOX Cosmetic should only be performed by a qualified medical professional.
Patients report that the injection of BOTOX Cosmetic feels like a stress. Some of the side effects of BOTOX Cosmetic injections are usually mild and temporary and include the following:
- neck pain
- Difficulty seeing
- local pain at the injection site
- Blood stasis
Patients can resume normal activities after receiving the BOTOX Cosmetic injection.
Patients who are considering injections of BOTOX cosmetics should alert their physicians to any of the following:
- Allergic to ingredients in Botox cosmetics
- Allergic reaction to any other Botox product
- Skin infection at the planned injection site
- muscle or nerve conditions that can make swallowing or breathing difficult
- The effects of the toxin spread to the area away from the injection site.
Before injecting BOTOX Cosmetic, your doctor should be informed about all medical conditions and all medicines you take, both prescription and over-the-counter.