Knowledge about cocaine use

Cocaine is a highly addictive drug that can improve physical activity, including heart rate, blood pressure, alertness and energy. The most commonly used form of the drug is a white powder found in the leaves of the Erythroxylon Coca plant and has been used in South America for hundreds of years.

It was first introduced as a surgical anesthetic in the United States in the 1880s. In the early 1900s, cocaine was the active ingredient in many tonics and elixirs sold at that time. Before its side effects and addictive properties were fully understood, it could be used to treat various diseases. It was listed as a Schedule II drug in 1970. In the United States, recreational cocaine use is illegal.

Also known as: The common street name of cocaine is sometimes based on the substance’s appearance, effects, place of origin, or disguise its properties. Some of the more commonly used terms include powder, rock candy, blow, crack, sleet, and snow.

Drug category: Cocaine is classified as a stimulant. It increases brain activity and temporarily improves mood, alertness and energy levels.

Common side effects: Although cocaine can produce short-term euphoria, it also brings many side effects, including decreased appetite, paranoia, extreme sensitivity, irritability, headaches, mood changes, and increased risk of stroke and heart attack.

How to recognize cocaine

Cocaine is mostly sold illegally on the street in the form of fine white powder. It is usually mixed with other substances such as corn starch, talcum powder or sugar to dilute its purity. Sometimes it is mixed with amphetamine or heroin to form a so-called “fastball.” Cocaine is also sold on the street in free base form, called crack cocaine. Cocaine looks like white powder or rocks. It is usually stored loosely in a bag or packed in tightly packed bricks.

What does cocaine do?

Cocaine can be swallowed, inhaled, injected, and inhaled. Except for approved medical uses, there is no safe use of cocaine in any form. All methods of use will result in the absorption of toxic levels of cocaine, which may cause acute cardiovascular and cerebrovascular emergencies and seizures. Any of them can cause sudden death.

Cocaine starts to work almost immediately, unless it is taken orally. Even small doses of drugs can temporarily stimulate the body, making people feel euphoric, energetic, talkative and alert.

Cocaine works by interfering with the normal communication process in the brain. The use of cocaine prevents the removal of dopamine from synapses, causing “amplified” signals to be sent to receiving neurons. This amplified signal is the initial euphoria or excitement that people perceive.

The method of using cocaine affects how excited a person feels and how long this excitement lasts. For example, smoking cocaine does not produce the same intense excitement as smoking it, but this excitement lasts longer. An orgasm from smoking may last 15 to 30 minutes, while an orgasm from cocaine smoking may only last for 5 to 10 minutes.

The faster the drug is absorbed into the blood, the higher the intensity, but the shorter the duration.

What the experts say

There is a risk of addiction and overdose with cocaine. Because it impairs judgment, it can also lead to other dangerous behaviors, such as sharing needles or unprotected sex.

National Institute of Drug Abuse Cocaine Research Report Point out that the use of cocaine can damage the immune system and make people more susceptible to HIV or hepatitis.

Despite the risks, people choose to use cocaine for many reasons. Although some people find that using this drug can help them complete simple intellectual and physical tasks faster, others report that cocaine has the opposite effect.

Some people report greater sensitivity to sight, sound, and touch. They may also reduce their need for food or sleep, at least temporarily.

Approved use

Although cocaine is illegal as a recreational drug, it does have legitimate medical uses. It has anesthesia and vasoconstriction properties, making it an ideal choice for certain medical applications.

Cocaine may be effective:

  • As a local anesthetic
  • Used for upper respiratory tract surgery
  • Topical use in the form of cocaine hydrochloride

Common side effects

The use of cocaine can cause physical and psychological side effects.

The physiological effects of cocaine include:

  • Constricted blood vessels
  • Dilated pupils
  • Increased body temperature
  • Increased heart rate
  • High blood pressure
  • lose weight
  • Nausea
  • stomach ache
  • Tremor
  • dizziness

The psychological effects of cocaine use may include:

  • panic
  • aggression
  • irritability
  • anxiety
  • Frustrated
  • Repetitive behavior
  • Poor judgment
  • Hallucinations
  • Paranoid

Although this is rare, death may occur suddenly when cocaine is used for the first time or when cocaine is used later. Cocaine-related deaths are usually the result of cardiac arrest or respiratory arrest after a seizure.

Combining cocaine with alcohol can also increase the risk of cardiac stress and sudden death.

Signs of use

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) reports that 14.7% of all Americans over the age of 12 have used cocaine at some point in their lives.

Some signs that someone you know may be using cocaine include:

  • The presence of drug paraphernalia, such as syringes, razor blades, pipes, and small plastic bags
  • Unplanned weight loss
  • Extreme mood swings and behavior changes
  • Avoid social situations
  • Needle marks on the body
  • Frequent nosebleeds or runny nose
  • Changes in personal hygiene
  • financial problem
  • Signs of withdrawal
  • Lying or stealing

Even in the first use, an accidental overdose may occur. If cocaine is used in combination with other drugs or alcohol, the risk of overdose increases. Signs of overdose may include vomiting, shaking, and difficulty breathing.

If you suspect that someone has overdose of cocaine, please call 911 immediately.

common problem

Although the use of this substance is sometimes referred to as an epidemic, there is evidence that its use has largely declined since it peaked in the 1980s. According to the National Drug Use and Health Survey (NSDUH), in 2017, 2.2% of people 12 years of age or older reported having used cocaine in the past year.

Some people also want to know the effect of cocaine on athletic performance. Studies have shown that cocaine can reduce athletes’ strength, endurance, and overall performance. However, because cocaine can distort a person’s perception, many athletes believe that the drug is actually improving their performance.

Tolerance, dependence and withdrawal

Long-term or long-term use of cocaine will cause serious damage to the brain’s natural reward system, so that the use of cocaine no longer produces the initial pleasurable effect.

Frequent use of cocaine will cause people to develop higher and higher tolerances. This means that the brain needs higher or more frequent doses to try to achieve the same level of pleasure experienced during initial use. This increase in the cocaine dose to achieve the same high cycle can lead to addiction.

How long does cocaine stay in your system?

It is difficult to determine an accurate detection window for how long cocaine stays in someone’s body. The length of time it stays in the system depends on many different factors, including body weight, metabolism, and hydration level. Cocaine can be detected within 24 hours (through a blood test) or up to three months (through a hair follicle test).

addiction

Cocaine addiction may involve physical cravings for substances and psychological cravings to experience the euphoric effects of drugs.

One of the most dangerous consequences of cocaine use is its powerful addiction. As we all know, people become addicted to using it only once.

Once someone is addicted to cocaine, it is extremely difficult to quit smoking without recurrence even after a long period of abstinence.

Studies have shown that even if cocaine is not used for a long time, exposure to cocaine-related triggers—even memories of past cocaine experiences—can trigger huge cravings and relapses.

quit

As the effects of cocaine begin to weaken, people may experience a variety of withdrawal symptoms, including irritability, combativeness, irritability, anxiety, insomnia, depression, or paranoia.

Because of these unpleasant withdrawal symptoms, many people report that it is difficult to “get off” from the drug. It is not uncommon to experience depression immediately after the effect of the drug disappears.

Therefore, some people will take more cocaine to avoid unpleasant withdrawal-this is another reason why cocaine is considered very addictive. People don’t just use cocaine for excitement; they also use it to avoid the unpleasant side effects of not using it.

How to get help

Cocaine addiction can be a complex disease that can cause a variety of personal problems. Therefore, the treatment of cocaine addiction requires a comprehensive solution to the individual’s social, family and other environmental problems.

Effective treatment usually involves addressing cocaine abuse and other simultaneous addiction problems. It is not uncommon for people who abuse drugs to also have other mental health problems—such as depression or anxiety—that also require treatment.

Several behavioral methods used in inpatient and outpatient settings can effectively treat cocaine addiction. Currently, they are the only approved evidence-based treatments available for people using cocaine or crack cocaine.

Some of these behavioral treatments include:

  • Incentive (emergency management)
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Treatment community (accommodation project)
  • Support groups (e.g. cocaine anonymity)

There are currently no approved drugs to treat cocaine addiction. However, drugs such as antidepressants can be used to treat symptoms of depression or anxiety.

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Knowledge about cocaine use
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