Between 20% and 50% of migraine sufferers also experience nausea and vomiting during some or all of their attacks. Adults often experience nausea and more severe migraines. For many adults with migraines, nausea is one of the most distressing symptoms.
On the other hand, migraine in children may involve if only Nausea and vomiting. In fact, children usually do not have headaches or other migraine symptoms.
Migraine-related nausea and vomiting can be controlled. Still, treatment can be a challenge, as nausea can make it difficult to swallow medications that can relieve symptoms. If you feel sick, you may also be reluctant to take medication for the headache itself, which can make it worse.
This article discusses nausea and vomiting that characterize migraine headaches. It also provides advice on how to get relief.
Home Remedies and Lifestyle
There are some simple things you can do yourself to help relieve migraine-related nausea.
- loose clothing, especially around the abdomen
- take deep breaths, breathe slowly
- apply an ice pack to the head or neck
- Open the windows or go outside for some fresh air
- eat small amounts of bland food
- Avoid foods with strong tastes and smells
- Stay hydrated by drinking water, unsweetened tea, or clear soup
Getting yourself to vomit can also help. This relieves nausea and discomfort.
Over-the-counter (OTC) remedies can help relieve nausea. These include medicines for motion sickness, such as:
- Desiramine (Diphenhydramine)
- Bonin (meclizine)
- Benadryl (Diphenhydramine)
These medications can also help other migraine symptoms, such as dizziness.
Motion sickness medications are often more effective than over-the-counter medications commonly used for stomach problems for migraine-related nausea. That said, you can also try:
- Pepto-Bismol (Bismuth Subsalicylate)
- Imona sodium (loperamide)
You may find it helpful to use simple home remedies, such as staying hydrated, eating bland foods, or slowing your breathing. Over-the-counter medications used to treat motion sickness can also help relieve migraine-related nausea.
If your migraines are associated with severe nausea, your doctor may recommend prescription medications. Some options include:
- Compazine (Prochlorperazine)
- Reglan (metoclopramide)
These medications help relieve nausea and come in many forms, including:
- soluble pills
Occasionally, anti-nausea prescriptions are used to treat migraines, even if nausea is not the main symptom.
anti-nausea medication for migraine
Taking oral medication can be a challenge when you feel sick. Develop the best way to take your migraine medication. You are the only one who can decide whether you are more likely to lower your medication dosage with food, drink, or not eating anything.
Several migraine medications, such as Imitrex (sumatriptan), Zomig (zolmitriptan), and Migranal (dihydroergotamine), come in other forms, such as:
This can make them more bearable if you have severe nausea.
Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Alternative therapies may also benefit migraine symptoms, including nausea.
Ginger is a common natural remedy for nausea. There are a few different ways to take it:
- eat a piece of ginger root
- suck a piece of ginger candy
- Make a cup of ginger tea
- drink a cold ginger ale
Ginger Relieves Nausea
Acupressure is an alternative medicine practice derived from traditional Chinese medicine. It involves using pressure points to relieve health problems. Evidence suggests that stimulating acupuncture point PC6 on the forearm can reduce migraine-related nausea.
To find this, place your arms with your palms facing you. Place three fingers horizontally at the base of the palm. Under your fingers, feel the two tendons in the center of your forearm. The PC6 pressure point is located in the middle of these two tendons.
The Sea-Band is a wristband that applies constant pressure to this point. Try one to help relieve nausea during a migraine attack.
Aromatherapy involves inhaling concentrated essential oils. It is generally considered safe, but there is limited research supporting its effectiveness. So far, it has not been scientifically proven to relieve migraine-related nausea. Some people do find it helpful, though.
Popular oils for migraine-related nausea include lavender oil and eucalyptus oil.
In states where it’s legal, medical marijuana has been used to treat nausea and vomiting from chemotherapy. So far, there has been no proven benefit for migraines. While more and more people are using cannabis for a variety of health problems, make sure you know the laws in your area. There may be legal consequences in states that prohibit marijuana use.
Different therapies have different safety concerns. Be sure to consult your doctor before trying any alternative treatment for migraine-related nausea.
Many migraine sufferers also experience nausea during attacks. Fortunately, there are many over-the-counter and prescription medications that can help relieve this distressing symptom.
Simple home remedies like staying hydrated and ice packs can also help. Some people also find relief from alternative medicine treatments such as acupressure or aromatherapy.
Circular Vomiting syndrome is another condition characterized by vomiting and hypersensitivity to smells. It is rarely associated with other symptoms, such as headaches or sensitivity to bright light.
The researchers believe that periodic vomiting syndrome may be similar to migraines in terms of what happens in the brain. Some people think it may even be a migraine. This condition usually improves with treatments usually used for migraine headaches.