Heroin is a highly addictive drug that is processed from morphine, which comes from the seed pods of the Asian poppy plant. Its use is a serious problem in the United States. Recent studies have shown that due to increased purity and the misunderstanding that these forms of use will not lead to addiction, the shift from injecting heroin to smoking or smoking.
Also known as: Heroin’s street names include smack, H, ska, trash, big H, blacktar, brown sugar, paint, horse, mud, and skag.
Drug category: Heroin is an inhibitor that inhibits the central nervous system.
Common side effects: Short-term side effects may include skin flushing, nausea, vomiting, severe itching, and dry mouth. The initial orgasm is usually accompanied by extreme drowsiness, and sometimes the breathing function can be dangerously slowed down. Long-term side effects may include physical and physiological changes that are difficult to reverse and imbalances in the brain.
How to identify heroin
Heroin in its purest form is usually a white powder. The less pure form has various colors from white to brown. “Black tar” heroin is dark brown or black and has a tar-like viscosity.
What does heroin do?
People who inject heroin experience a surge of euphoria or what is commonly referred to as a “rush.” People often start or continue to use heroin because the initial excitement brings happiness and positive feelings. After this ecstatic period, people often describe themselves as feeling in a dreamlike state, feeling safe and worry-free. Each time you take heroin, the effects of heroin will last for three to four hours.
What the experts say
After years of declining use in the United States, heroin use in 2006 began to steadily increase across cultures and geographies across the country.
Many people think that heroin is a problem for young people. But in fact, people of all ages and backgrounds use heroin. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that women, private insurers, and people with higher incomes have seen the greatest increase in heroin use in recent years.
This increase coincided with a nationwide crackdown on prescription drug use. Some observers believe that the resulting decrease in the supply and price of painkillers (i.e. opioids) has prompted some people to use heroin as a more accessible and cheaper alternative.
Research supports the link between painkillers and heroin use. One study found that approximately 80% of heroin users had previously abused prescription opioids. Although many people who use heroin start to abuse painkillers, not everyone who takes prescription opioids will try heroin. Only about 4% of people who abuse prescription opioids end up using heroin within five years.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), between 2000 and 2014, the death rate from overdose in the United States increased by 137%, and the death rate from overdose involving opioid painkillers and heroin increased by 200%.
The euphoric effects of heroin often lead people to use this drug to treat stress, anxiety or depression on their own. However, initially pleasing effects are often accompanied by unpleasant or dangerous side effects. Continued use of heroin may not only aggravate symptoms of depression and anxiety, but also cause other negative health and legal consequences.
Common side effects
In addition to the initial orgasm, people who use heroin will also experience physical side effects. Their mouths may become dry. They may begin to nod and nod, and their arms and legs will feel heavy and elastic. They may also experience decreased mental capacity and emotional retardation.
There are many health risks associated with heroin use. Short-term risks include fatal overdose and high risk of HIV/AIDS. Long-term use will bring additional risks, such as:
- Collapsed vein
- Endometrial and valve infections of the heart
- Liver disease
- Pulmonary complications, including various types of pneumonia
Heroin use can also cause other health problems. Because heroin ingested suppresses breathing, many people suffer from pulmonary complications, coupled with poor overall health, may lead to tuberculosis and certain types of pneumonia.
Heroin abuse during pregnancy often has negative consequences, including low birth weight, which is an important risk factor for children’s future development.
In addition to the effects of the drug itself, street heroin may contain insoluble additives that can block blood vessels leading to the lungs, liver, kidneys or brain. This can cause small cells in vital organs to infect or even die.
Long-term use of heroin can cause the white matter of the brain to degenerate, which affects your ability to make decisions, regulate behavior, and respond appropriately to stressful situations.
Signs of use
Heroin use is usually accompanied by significant and significant changes in behavior. Once addicted, people often change everything in their lives in order to continue to use heroine because of the center.
Some common signs that someone may be using heroin include:
- The existence of drug paraphernalia
- Mood changes
- Stay away from friends and relatives
- Mysterious new friend suddenly appeared
- Needle marks on the body
- lose weight
- financial problem
- Conceal and lie
- Legal Issues
Signs of heroin overdose include weak pulse, shallow breathing, and loss of consciousness. Overdose can be treated with naloxone, which is why it is important to contact emergency services immediately.
Tolerance, dependence and withdrawal
The use of heroin can lead to tolerance and dependence on the drug. When tolerance occurs, it means that people need more drugs to achieve the same effect. Dependence means that people need to use heroin to prevent withdrawal symptoms.
How long does heroin stay in your system?
Heroin can be injected into a vein, ingested or ingested. It acts quickly and has an extremely fast half-life of only two to six minutes. The time a drug can be detected in the body depends on many factors, including body weight, metabolism, and the amount of drug used. For light use, heroin will remain in the system for a day or two. For large-volume or long-term use, it may stay in the system for up to a week.
Once heroin enters the brain, the body converts it into morphine and binds to opioid receptors located in the brain and many areas of the body. The changes caused by heroin in the brain are the high risk of heroin addiction and the cause of chronic relapse that may occur after treatment.
Regular use of heroin can develop tolerance to heroin. This means that more heroin is needed to produce the same intensity, which can lead to physical addiction over time. Once addicted, people will become physically and psychologically dependent on drugs.
Heroin increases the content of dopamine and hijacks the brain’s pleasure system. Since more and more drugs are needed to achieve the same euphoric effect, people will continue to pursue more frequent or intense orgasms.
After stopping heroin, the person will experience physical withdrawal. Withdrawal can begin within a few hours after the last dose.
Withdrawal symptoms include:
- Cold wave with goose bumps
- Muscle and bone pain
The main withdrawal symptoms peaked between 48 and 72 hours after the last dose and subsided after about a week.
How to get help
There are many treatment options for heroin addiction, including medication and behavioral therapy. When drug therapy is combined with other supportive services, patients are usually able to successfully quit heroin.
- Methadone: Methadone is a synthetic opiate with a record of success in helping heroin addicts. The drug stops the effects of heroin in about 24 hours.
- Buprenorphine: Buprenorphine is a recently developed drug. It differs from methadone in that it has a lower risk of addiction and can be dispensed in the privacy of a doctor’s office.
- Naloxone and Naltrexone: Other approved drugs include naloxone (used to treat overdose) and naltrexone (which blocks the effects of morphine, heroin, and other opioids).
- Behavioral treatment: There are many effective behavioral treatments for heroin addiction. These can include inpatient and outpatient psychological care.