Overview of hatred

Enochlophobia refers to the fear of people. Not everyone who feels uncomfortable in a crowd suffers from hatred. Rather, this phobia involves irrational thoughts and behaviors that are excessive compared to the actual danger in the situation.

In other words, if you have hatred, you cannot explain your fear, nor can you control it. You may even want to avoid crowds altogether or where you are worried about possible crowds.

Moreover, if you do find yourself trapped in a crowd, you may experience extreme physical, cognitive, and behavioral symptoms that you cannot control.

There is no single known cause of hatred. On the contrary, it may be related to population-related trauma, tendency to worry, and even genetic factors.

Importantly, this phobia can severely limit your life, because people have become an important part of life today. More importantly, you cannot always predict when you will appear in a crowd, so you may notice that your fears will generalize to many situations.


The symptoms of hatred are very similar to the symptoms of other anxiety disorders. They are usually divided into three categories: your physical reaction (physical), your thoughts (cognition), and your avoidance or avoidance (behavior).

Physical symptoms

The following are some common physical symptoms of panophobia:

  • Blackening
  • Dilated pupils
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Heart palpitations
  • Increased heart rate
  • Muscle tension
  • Nausea
  • Panic attack
  • Feeling of suffocation
  • shake
  • Shortness of breath
  • stomachache
  • Sweating
  • Tremor
  • Vomit

Cognitive symptoms

Here are some common cognitive symptoms of panopia:

Behavioral symptoms

The following are some common behavioral symptoms of phobia:

  • Avoidance situations (for example, churches, concerts, shopping malls)
  • Stick to someone
  • cry
  • Escape the situation

One way to better understand the symptoms you are experiencing is to keep a log, diary, or diary and write down the conditions that caused you anxiety and the symptoms you noticed. This way, if you do choose to seek treatment, you will have a better understanding of your symptoms.


Enochlophobia is an unrecognized disease in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). However, it may be considered a specific phobia and may be related to other diagnoses, such as agoraphobia and social anxiety disorder.

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In order to be diagnosed with a specific phobia, your fear of the crowd needs to last for at least six months and not due to other diagnoses such as social anxiety disorder, agoraphobia or post-traumatic stress disorder.


What causes phobia? If you are afraid of crowds and ask yourself this question, there really is no single reason. However, when it comes to this phobia, certain factors are more likely to be causal.of

Here are some of these factors:

  • Experience trauma in a crowd (for example, being trapped or injured in a concert crowd)
  • Seeing others experiencing trauma in a crowd (for example, seeing someone trapped in a crowd or injured)
  • Lost in the crowd when I was young, or separated from my parents
  • Worrying too much or a tendency to think negatively
  • Growing up with overprotective parents
  • Genetic predisposition

Related diseases

Although there is no specific diagnosis of hatred, there are several diseases that may be considered related. These are listed below.

Specific phobia

If it meets the criteria in DSM-5, it may be diagnosed as a specific phobia. A specific phobia is an unrealistic or extreme fear of a certain situation, environment or thing. Common examples include fear of heights, phobia of flying, snakes, phobia of bacteria, etc.

For certain phobias, you know that your fear is out of proportion to the situation, but you cannot control your anxiety response. In addition, even considering the upcoming situation that may face phobias can cause anxiety.

Specific phobias usually occur in childhood or adolescence and will last a lifetime if left untreated. These diseases are more common in women, and many people have more than one phobia.

Ochlophobia and Demophobia

Ochlophobia is the fear of thugs. It is not a specific diagnosable disease, but a term used to describe this fear. Likewise, phobia is the fear of the masses.


Agoraphobia is only diagnosed together with panic disorder. It refers to the fear of being in places where people, buses, subways, bridges, elevators, theaters, etc. will be difficult to escape if a panic attack occurs. The fear is that if you feel distressed, you will There is no way to escape or ask for help.

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Social anxiety disorder

Social anxiety disorder is the fear of being embarrassed or judged. It can be generalized and applicable to all situations or only for performance situations.

Although you will never be diagnosed with hatred, it may be helpful to just know that what you have experienced has a name. Whether you choose to see a mental health professional or not, understanding the different diseases can help you better understand your problems and when to seek help may be a good idea.


The treatment of hatred is usually treatment (usually CBT) and/or medication. Let us consider each of the following.

Cognitive behavioral therapy

The most common treatment is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), which targets both your worrying thoughts and your avoiding behaviors. It may also involve desensitization to deal with your physical reaction to the crowd.

As part of CBT, you will learn how to recognize unhelpful thinking patterns and replace them with more adaptive thinking styles.

You will also gradually face the situation you are afraid of, starting from the simplest and gradually moving towards the most difficult, while doing some form of relaxation training. This may happen in real life (in real crowd situations), or it can be done using your imagination.


If your anxiety is severe and affects your life, anti-anxiety medications may also be prescribed. Depending on your symptoms and specific needs, you may be prescribed short-term or long-term medications.

Self-help methods

What can you do to cope with hatred? There are several strategies you can use to try to reduce your fear of the crowd:

  • Associate positive things with the crowd so you can break negative associations (for example, go to a delightful movie or your favorite concert performer).
  • Learn to recognize the signs of unstable people and stable people. Crowds are usually only dangerous when they become a group of crazy people, which often happens when they are moving towards what they want (for example, shopping activities, entering venues, etc.). If you can learn to avoid dangerous people and understand that most people are safe, your fear may be lessened.
  • Develop an exit strategy or position yourself near the edge of the crowd so that the ability to leave when necessary makes you feel comfortable.
  • If the crowd starts to move, move with the crowd instead of pushing the crowd or trying to exit in the opposite way.
  • When you are faced with a situation that makes you anxious, be sure to step by step and accumulate slowly. If you find it helpful, please bring someone you trust. Choose someone who will understand you, if you need to leave, he will not judge you.
  • Choose a time for places that are unlikely to be crowded, such as shopping at night or avoiding big sales.
  • If you do find yourself overwhelmed by anxiety, focus on taking deep breaths.
  • If you find yourself in a crowd, stay focused by doing other things (such as listening to headphones).
  • Practice meditation every day to increase tolerance to stress and learn how to slow down your thinking.
  • Keep a diary to keep track of your anxiety and stress patterns, and any triggers you notice that make things worse.

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If you choose to manage your fear of the crowd yourself, remember that many of the above strategies are short-term solutions. If you really want to overcome and get rid of the fear of the crowd, it would be beneficial to visit a mental health professional for a diagnosis and understand the treatment plan.

No matter what option you choose, please know that you are not alone and afraid of crowds. Others have learned how to deal with and manage the same things. With the help of professionals and coping strategies you can use yourself, you can go back there and start enjoying the fun of being with a group of people again.