If your child is diagnosed with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), you may not know where to start. Browsing through information to find content worth reading and time-wasting content can be daunting. Let’s start with some basic information and resources to learn more, solve specific behaviors, and get support so that you can best help your child with ODD.
What is an odd number?
ODD is a mental health disorder in which children exhibit aggressive and purposeful misbehaviors. It is thought to affect approximately 10% to 20% of school-age children, and this behavioral disorder is more common in boys than in girls.When considering these behaviors, it is important to realize that many children without ODD will exhibit some of these behaviors from time to time.
So what is a normal behavior problem and what is not?
ODD is an inherently constant model of resistance, negativity and hostility. The diagnosis is usually made after these behaviors have lasted at least 6 months.
Compared with normal child behavior, symptoms of ODD may include:
- Easy to get angry or irritated
- Excessive quarrels with parents and other authority figures
- Often lose your temper
- The child feels frustrated and inattentive, has reduced self-esteem, and has difficulty establishing and maintaining friendships
- Lying and accusing others of their mistakes
- Deliberately irritate and annoy others and deliberately cause conflict
- Question authority
- Refuse to follow the rules
- Seems to have no conscience
- Hold grudges, hold a grudge against others
These symptoms can range from mild to severe, but usually appear before school age, almost always before puberty. These behaviors usually cause severe dysfunction in the home and school environment. Fortunately, although these behaviors can cause serious damage to parents and teachers, about two-thirds of children get rid of their obstacles by the time they are teenagers.
The exact cause of ODD is not yet known, but it is likely to be a combination of multiple factors. Genetics can play a role and may increase susceptibility to this disease. Abnormal levels of neurotransmitters in the brain may play a biochemical role.Although odd were able Growing up with children from caring and stable families, it is not uncommon for these children to experience dysfunction and/or violence in their family life.
ODD may occur together with other diseases, such as attention deficit disorder (ADD), anxiety, bipolar disorder, and language disorders.Sometimes it takes some time to distinguish ODD from other common childhood behavior disorders such as ADD/ADHD and conduct disorders.
Although two-thirds of children no longer have ODD when they grow up, about 30% of children will continue to develop conduct disorders.
What to do after ODD diagnosis
When your child is diagnosed with ODD for the first time, it helps to learn as much about the disease as possible. Not only will this help you learn how to cope with behaviors, but it can be reassuring that most children can get rid of this disease. Knowing this alone may give you more strength to deal with today’s difficult behaviors.
Parenting plans are very helpful for you to understand how to raise a child with ODD quickly. Some of them include:
Depending on who diagnosed your child, you may also need to find a therapist who can accompany you as you learn the tools to manage your child’s behavior. The treatment has been found to be effective for children with ODD and also reduces the chance of ODD developing into a behavioral disorder or antisocial personality disorder in adulthood in later childhood.
You can ask your doctor or therapist if you know anyone who specializes in treating children with ODD, or ask in one of the online support communities. Parents who live with children with ODD often learn through trial and error and may provide you with valuable advice on finding the right person. The most common are child or adolescent psychiatrists who care for children with ODD.
Don’t be afraid to interview different providers. It is important to find an ally who can support you and help your child.
If you have not seen your child’s pediatrician, this is also an important first step. There are some medical conditions that may cause behavior that may be mistaken for ODD, so a thorough physical examination is recommended.
How to prepare for your child’s school
If your child is in school, it is important to meet with your child’s teacher or other people in the school who will be involved in their education. Combining school-based programs with active parenting at home is most effective.
Special education services can provide support and accommodation for your child. The Education for Persons with Disabilities Act (IDEA) is a federal law that provides services for children with disabilities to enable them to function in the school environment.This usually requires that the disease impaired his academic performance. You can request an evaluation of your child at any time.
If your child is not eligible for IDEA (usually in the “Other Health Impairment” category), he may still be eligible for the personal accommodation plan under Section 504.You may also want to contact your school district, the state Department of Education, or the parent training and information center in your state.
Discipline a strange child
You may have read everything you can master, but how do you discipline a child with ODD? Having a child with ODD can make you nervous, but although there are plenty of opportunities to give negative attention, it can be really helpful to find opportunities to give positive attention. Although negative consequences may sometimes be required, positive attention is often more effective.
Fortunately, these “positive” consequences seem to make the negative consequences more effective when needed. It is also helpful to avoid harsh punishments and focus on the behavior instead of the child. The programs listed above provide many examples of working with ODD children.
ODD treatment options
As mentioned above, treatment is usually very effective for children with ODD and can prevent the condition from developing into a conduct disorder or antisocial personality disorder.
Options found to be helpful for ODD children include:
- Cognitive problem solving skills training
- Family therapy
- Parent Management Training
- School-based curriculum
- Social Skills Course
It is worth noting that there are no specific drug recommendations for ODD, and drugs should not be used alone to treat this condition. However, medications may help control certain behaviors or treat coexisting mental health conditions.
Live with a strange child
Living with a child with ODD can make you feel nervous and frustrated. It can be challenging to look at these behaviors separately from your child and stay calm. Here are some tips to help other parents cope with the daily challenges of living with children with ODD.
- Avoid power struggles.
- Don’t sweat the little things.It’s best to ignore minor behaviors
Until you control the main problem.Say in another
Way, “Choose your battle.”
- Develop clear house rules.
- Give your child plenty of time for imaginative games.
- Limit the number of questions you ask your child.
- Provide clear consequences and realize that the consequences are not the same as punishment.
- Praise your child often.
- Provide positive feedback often, even if your child responds positively to small issues. Reinforcing behavior with positive attention may reduce the amount of negative attention required for their behavior.
- Schedule a one-to-one daily dose.
- “Walk and watch:” Set a positive role model for your child.
Get professional help
Even if you follow all the above tips to raise a child with ODD, you may still feel overwhelmed. Take a moment to think about when to seek help for your child’s behavioral problems.
If your child’s behavioral problems have not changed when you adopt disciplinary strategies, if their behavior interferes with school or their social life, or if their behavior is not age-appropriate, then it may be time to seek help.
Useful ODD resources for parents
There are many resources to help parents manage their children’s ODD. Here are some places to start looking.
Websites that provide ideas for parents with ODD children include:
- DocSpeak provides more information directly related to the parents of children with ODD.
- Balanced Life is another website that helps children work together to solve problems.
- Rehabilitation of children with difficulties aims to help children manage their intensity in different ways.
ODD is usually diagnosed before or shortly after school age, and many children resolve by 18 years of age.In other words, it can be a challenge to combine “normal” youth issues with ODD management. The following sites focus on the difficult behaviors of young people, including ODD:
There are some reference sites that provide a good overview of ODD diagnosis and treatment. The websites mentioned here provide information provided by people who have managed ODD children’s education and are updated frequently. Reliable reference sites include:
As mentioned earlier, ODD usually coexists with other diseases (such as ADD). Sometimes, ODD management is similar to ADD, but other times it is important to distinguish between the two diagnoses. When your child has ODD as a coexisting disease, these ADD-focused websites may be helpful.
In addition to websites, podcasts, and Youtube videos, there are entire books dedicated to helping parents cope with and care for children with ODD. Books that may be helpful include:
- Provocative child, Douglas Riley (published in 1997, but still up to date)
- Explosion kid, Ross W. Green
- Kazdin’s method of raising children to provoke, Alan E. Kazdin
The opportunity to talk to other parents who live with children with ODD is invaluable. No matter how caring and understanding your family and friends are, there is something special about talking to people who face the same challenges.
In addition to emotional support, the online support community can also help you understand the latest discoveries and methods of managing ODD. After all, no one is more willing to understand the daily life of a child with ODD than other parents.
The online support group allows you to get understanding and advice from other parents around the world. There are many other online groups as well as Facebook groups that aim to connect parents who live with children with ODD.
Very good sentence
Knowing that your child has ODD can release a lot of complex emotions. After finally labeling your child’s behavior, you may feel relieved, but at the same time worry about what it means for the future.
As a parent, this diagnosis will also make you question your parenting skills. However, feelings of guilt and shame can be counterproductive to learning how to meet a child’s needs. There are many children who grew up in a warm and loving family environment but still suffer from ODD.
Once you have a diagnosis, you can begin to resolve these behaviors. Talk to your doctor. Find a good child or adolescent psychiatrist. Join a support group. Please take a short break when you realize that most children “grow up” these behaviors. In other words, treatment can greatly reduce the chance of a child’s behavior persisting.
Explore the tips above and use the resources and links provided to educate yourself and make yourself a parent of an ODD child.