Risk of alcoholism and injury

Injuries are the leading cause of death for people under 45 and the fourth leading cause of death overall.Thousands of people die from injuries every year, and an estimated one-third of them suffer some type of non-fatal injury and send them to the emergency room.

Unfortunately, alcohol plays too many roles in these fatal and non-fatal injuries, whether it is a traffic fatal accident; a non-fatal car accident; a fire or burn; hypothermia or frostbite; or complete suicide.

Drinking alcohol increases the risk of trauma in two ways: the likelihood of injury and the severity of the injury.

It stands to reason that if someone is drunk enough to make them slurred or unable to go straight, then they are at greater risk of injury.

Higher risk of accidents and injuries

Many studies report that alcoholics are more likely to be involved in traumatic events than sober people. Compared with non-drinkers, alcoholics have a higher risk of accidents.

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Although some scientists have disputed this statement, some studies have found that even in injuries not related to traffic, drunk people are more likely to suffer more serious injuries than sober people.

Drinkers have more serious injuries

Researchers do not understand the exact factors that led to the findings that alcohol causes more serious harm. A study disputed these findings.But people agree that drunk people are less likely to be injured in a car accident because they are very relaxed. There is no evidence to support this view.

The role of alcohol in injuries is not fully understood because few emergency room patients receive routine blood alcohol content (BAC) testing. Although health officials recommend an assessment of the alcohol consumption of all injured patients, research shows that this is rarely done.

A small number of ER patients undergo BAC examination

Even if the injured person was the driver of the crash, a study found that 23% of drivers who survived a car accident received a BAC test.Another national survey found that 70% of trauma centers regularly test patients for blood alcohol.

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Although the data on alcohol-related injuries is incomplete, the statistics we have are shocking. Researchers report that the number of alcohol-related deaths, alcoholism and drunk driving among American college students has steadily increased.The increase in deaths, especially among young people aged 18 to 24, is mainly due to traffic injuries.

Cause many alcohol-related deaths

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates based on 2006-2011 data that, on average, alcohol is a factor in the deaths of 4,358 young people under the age of 21 each year. These deaths include:

  • 1,580 people died in car accidents
  • 1,269 homicides
  • 245 Alcoholism, falls, burns and drowning
  • 492 Suicide

There is a death every 50 minutes

The CDC reports that in 2011 alone, approximately 188,000 young people under the age of 21 went to emergency facilities due to alcohol-related injuries.Due to the lack of BAC testing in many ER environments, this number may be low.

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The investigation found that in the United States, nearly 30 people die every day in car accidents involving drunk driving—about one death every 50 minutes.

97,000 sexual assaults per year

Other studies have found that alcohol causes great harm to American college students:

  • Every year, 1,835 18-24 year old students die from alcohol-related injuries.
  • Every year, 700,000 students are beaten by another alcoholic student.
  • 97,000 students aged 18-24 have experienced alcohol-related sexual assault or date rape.

These statistics do not include other non-harmful issues. Alcohol can cause students to have poor judgment about engaging in dangerous behaviors.

“These are tragic and unacceptably high,” said Ralph W., Director of NIAAA’s Epidemiology and Prevention Research Department. “Universities and university communities urgently need to develop prevention and counseling programs for minors and young people. ”

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