We all have ideas and beliefs about other people, but we also have the same impression of ourselves. The term schema means that we must describe the cognitive structure of various categories of knowledge about the world, and like many other things, we also hold schemas about ourselves. In psychology, these are called self-modes.
what are they
So how does the ego model work? These knowledge categories reflect how we expect ourselves to think, feel, and act in a specific environment or situation. Each of these beliefs includes our overall view of ourselves (“extroverted”, “shy”, “talkative”) and our knowledge of past experiences in similar situations.
For example, if you have to give a speech in one of your classes, your self-model may be that you are shy when you have to speak publicly. Because you have an overall belief in your personality and past experience of talking in public, you may already have a good understanding of how you feel, think, and behave in this situation.
Among other things, people can hold self-patterns about:
- Behavior (“I am confident”, “I avoid conflict”)
- Personality characteristics (“I am shy”, “I am friendly”)
- Physical characteristics (“I am beautiful”, “I am overweight”)
- Interests (“I like sports”, “I like art”)
When people are very high or extreme in a certain field, they are described as self-schema in that dimension.
For example, people who think of themselves as “people” and are not at all timid or shy are considered self-illustrations in the field. If a person does not have a schema of a specific dimension, then they are called schemas.
How they work
The self-mode has several key features:
Self model is personalized
Everyone has very different self-patterns, which are deeply influenced by past experience, interpersonal relationships, upbringing, society and culture. Who we are and our self-perception are largely influenced by the way we grow up, the way we interact with others, and the impressions and feedback we get from social influences.
You may have noticed that most of these schemes involve bipolar dimensions: healthy and unhealthy, noisy and quiet, meanness and kindness, sports and geeks, active and sedentary. People usually think that they are either-or features, but most of them actually exist as a continuum, and everyone is in the middle of the two extremes.
Self-patterns form our self-concept
All our various self schemas combine and interact to form our self-concept. Our self-concepts are often very complicated, which is not surprising, because we may understand and analyze ourselves more than anything else.
As we go through life and gain new knowledge and experience, we will continue to add or even reconfigure our existing self-models and self-concepts.
Self-schema about our future selves
In addition to holding a self-schema about our present self, some experts suggest that we also have a self-schema about our future self.These reflect our views on the next few years, which may include positive and negative thoughts about our future self.
How they formed
Based on feedback from parents and caregivers, our initial self-patterns begin to form in early childhood. Sociologists John Dramatt, Jessica Colette, and Daniel Meyers suggest: “Our self-schema is produced in our social relationships. In life, when we meet new When people enter a new group, the feedback we get from others will change our view of ourselves.”
The self-schema is also influenced by the various roles we play in our lives. Our experience as friends, siblings, parents, colleagues, and other roles affects how we think and feel about ourselves, and how we behave in certain situations.
How they affect behavior
So we know that we have a self-schema about how we think, feel, and act, but how much influence do these thoughts have on our behavior?
Researchers have found that if you think you have a self-schema in a certain dimension, you are more likely to excel in that field.
In one study, participants who rated themselves as independent or dependent on self-schema were quicker to classify words related to these characteristics as self-descriptive. For example, people who think of themselves as “independent individuals” recognize independent subject terms faster than Askmatics, which in turn is faster than family members.
How to determine your
One of the easiest ways to better understand your own self-model is to answer the question “Who am I?” Imagine that you only provide these answers to yourself and not others.
Write down 15 different things that can answer the question when you think about it, without spending a lot of time thinking about their logic or importance. When you are done, you should have a pretty good representation of some of your central self-models.