According to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 2,200 people die from alcoholism each year, an average of 6 people per day.Most of the deaths were men, and three-quarters were between 35 and 65 years old.
The death toll varies from state to state. For example, Alabama has 5.3 deaths per million residents, while Alaska has 46.5 deaths per million residents.
Causes of alcoholism
Too much alcohol in the blood causes the areas of the brain that support breathing, heart rate, and other basic life support functions to begin to shut down.
In other words, your friend who drinks too much may not just fall asleep. If he is experiencing acute alcoholism and drinks too much too fast, if you do not intervene, his condition may lead to coma and even death.
Alcoholism can affect the brain, blood vessels and liver. Quick fluid intake will change the fluid concentration in your body and may disrupt your fluid and electrolyte balance.
Alcoholism may occur in children or adults. Speaking of children, perhaps adults are the same, your thoughts may immediately jump to the wine cabinet, but remember that another household product that contains alcohol, such as cooking extracts or medicinal tinctures, may be the culprit.
Knowing the symptoms of acute alcoholism can help you distinguish between a friend who has passed out while drunk and someone who has lost consciousness due to acute alcoholism.
- Slow heart rate
- No vomiting reflex, can prevent suffocation during vomiting
- Chill or blue skin and extremely low body temperature (hypothermia)
- Slow or irregular breathing (less than 8 breaths per minute or less than 10 seconds or more between any two breaths)
- Vomiting when passing out, not waking up during or after vomiting
Remember, your friend does not have to have all the symptoms to be at risk. Anyone who cannot be awakened or loses consciousness is in danger of death.
What to do if you think someone has alcoholism
If you think someone has alcoholism, you can take the following steps:
- Even if you do not see typical signs or symptoms, please call 9-1-1 immediately. Do not hesitate and do not consider any legal consequences. Your friend’s life may depend on your quick response.
- Be prepared to provide information to first responders or hospitals, including the type and amount of alcohol and when your friends drink.
- Don’t leave your friends alone, keep working hard to bring them back to life. Turn him sideways so that he is less likely to suffocate when he vomits.
- If your friend is vomiting, try to get him to sit up and stay awake.
- Watch his breathing carefully. If he stops breathing, get ready for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. If you don’t know how to perform CPR, try to find someone who can do it.
- Don’t give your friend or coffee, and don’t let him or her take a cold shower. Despite widespread misunderstandings, these methods do not reduce the effects of alcoholism.
Calling 911 and ensuring your friend’s safety until rescue arrives is the first step in the safe treatment of alcoholism patients.
Once in the hospital (or even on the way), medical professionals may give people with alcoholism intravenous (IV) fluids to replace fluid loss caused by vomiting and balance fluid and electrolyte disturbances caused by excessive drinking.In addition to drugs used to regulate blood pressure drops, oxygen can also be given for respiratory support, especially if the person is breathing irregularly or slowly.
If the person is experiencing a seizure, short-term anticonvulsants will be given to stop the seizure.