Symptoms of bipolar disorder

More than half of people with bipolar disorder will experience at least one psychotic symptom in their lifetime.Mental illness is defined as a loss of contact with reality. In this case, people cannot tell the difference between reality and imagination. Symptoms include delusions (belief in something unreal) and/or hallucinations (seeing, hearing, touching, smelling, or tasting something unreal).

Psychosis is usually accompanied by extreme manic episodes in patients with type I bipolar disorder (a more serious form of the disease). Although less common, it can also occur in patients with bipolar type II disorder.

Mental illness is also a feature of other types of mental illness, including schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Certain physical diseases, such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, brain tumors, and stroke, can also trigger psychotic episodes and may even be an extreme feature of postpartum depression.


In the context of bipolar disorder, there is no clear understanding of the causes of mental illness.Although people usually call it a “psychotic attack,” the reality is that psychotic attacks usually develop slowly over time.

Early warning signs of mental illness

Some early warning signs of mental illness include:

  • Always worried about grades or job performance
  • Experience strong, inappropriate sensations or no sensations at all
  • Failure to maintain personal hygiene
  • Unprovoked doubts about others
  • Try to concentrate or think clearly
  • Stay away from friends and family

Getting help from mental illness as early as possible can make the recovery process faster and easier, so early indicators should not be ignored. In other words, people who have a close relationship with a mentally ill person usually find these symptoms.

Emotionally consistent and emotionally inconsistent

People with mental illness often appear incoherent, completely unaware of how extreme their behavior has become. In terms of symptoms, they are usually classified as emotionally consistent or emotionally inconsistent.

Emotional symptom

  • The hallucinations and/or delusions match the emotions of the person.

  • The hallucinations may be related to one’s delusions.

  • Your underlying belief that you are being monitored can be reflected in the sound of your imagination or the sound of the next room.

Symptoms of emotional inconsistency

  • A person’s emotions do not match hallucinations and/or delusions.

  • People usually believe that there is a voice telling them what to do, or that they are being affected by some invisible force.

  • These episodes are considered serious and usually require hospitalization.


Delusion is a false belief that a person believes to be true.Formerly known as paranoia, delusions are characterized by whether the onset is strange (things beyond the range of possibility) or non-strange (things within the range of possibility).

Examples of strange illusions include being kidnapped by aliens or having a CIA tracking device on your head. In contrast, non-singular delusions usually manifest themselves as claims to be poisoned from a distance, to be followed, or to be loved. Unlike hallucinations, delusions usually look very normal in occasional situations.

Psychotic delusions usually focus on one or more of the following topics:

  • Porn fanatic, believe that important people love you
  • Exaggerated, characterized by an exaggerated sense of self-worth
  • Jealousy, usually related to the unfaithfulness of a loved one
  • Persecution, you think someone else plans to harm you
  • Physical delusion, you think you are sick or have a physical defect


Hallucinations are characterized by unreal physical sensations.Regarding bipolar disorder, hallucinations may be caused by a combination of extreme manic episodes and extreme sleep deprivation (the latter may also cause hallucinations in people without bipolar disorder).

Hallucinations involve not only perception, but also actual sensations involving one or more of the five sense organs. They can be classified as:

  • Auditory hallucinations, such as hearing non-existent sounds
  • Olfactory hallucinations, involving smell
  • Tactile hallucinations, such as feeling a bug crawling on you
  • Taste hallucinations
  • Visual hallucinations

Safety Precautions

The term “mental illness” may be scary for some people, which indicates that the affected person may self-harm or cause harm to others. Although it is possible, especially in the case of severe emotionally inconsistent psychosis, where episodes are usually more disturbing than dangerous, they still require treatment.

Very good sentence

Through the holistic approach to treating bipolar disorder—including psychotherapy, medication, and social support—most people can fully recover and return to normal life without further accidents. Although bipolar disorder in the traditional sense cannot be “cured”, with proper diagnosis and treatment, the symptoms of the disease can be successfully controlled for a long time.


Symptoms of bipolar disorder
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