The benefits of speech therapy

A speech-language pathologist (SLP) can help you with speech, speech, and swallowing. They provide speech therapy to children and adults who may have speech or language disorders.

People with certain medical conditions can also benefit from speech therapy. Medical conditions that can cause speech or swallowing problems include traumatic brain injury, stroke (brain damage due to blocked blood vessels or bleeding), and dementia (decreased memory and thinking function).

This article looks at the various uses of speech therapy, what to expect during a session, and the techniques involved in such therapy.


Speech therapy can help with a variety of situations.

speech disorder

Speech therapy may help treat speech disorders such as:

  • Stuttering: Stuttering may involve repeating parts of words, lengthening words, or struggling to say certain words. If you have a family history of stuttering, you may be more likely to stutter.
  • Apraxia: This motor speech disorder makes it difficult to move the tongue and lips to make the sounds needed to speak.In some cases, suffering from apraxia Can’t speak at all. Causes of this disease include brain tumors, dementia, stroke, and any other disease that causes brain damage.
  • Voice: Voice disturbances can be temporary or permanent, causing difficulty speaking. Chronic voice disorders include chronic cough, vocal cord paralysis, vocal cord polyps (vocal cord growths), and spastic dysphonia (vocal cord spasms).
  • Dysarthria: People with this speech disorder have muscle weakness and difficulty speaking. They may be vague or mumbling. dysarthria It can occur due to brain damage or chronic degenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s disease or Huntington’s disease.

language disability

language disability(aphasia) is a condition that makes it difficult for a person to read, write, speak, or understand speech or other forms of communication.

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People with this disorder may have difficulty:

  • look up words
  • using incorrect words for things
  • speak in complete sentences
  • understand what other people say
  • understand jokes
  • read or spell
  • do math

Brain tumors, traumatic brain injuries, and degenerative diseases that affect cognitive function can all cause aphasia.

feeding and swallowing disorders

Eating and swallowing disorders can occur in both children and adults. Eating disorders include difficulty eating, sucking, drinking from a cup, or chewing.The specific term for swallowing disorder is hard to swallow. Difficulty swallowing food or drink in a child or adult with dysphagia.

Swallowing or eating problems may or may not be related to a medical condition. Conditions that can cause a swallowing or eating disorder include:

  • cleft palate or lip
  • Asthma and other breathing problems
  • heart disease
  • premature birth
  • Nervous system disease
  • reflow
  • muscle weakness
  • sensory problems
  • autism
  • behavioral problems
  • certain drugs

what to expect

Speech therapy starts by assessing your difficulties and whether there are any structural problems that are causing your speech, language, eating or swallowing problems. Assessments may involve standardized tests to help determine what you need most help with. Informal conversations may also help understand your needs.

A speech-language pathologist will then work with you to help improve your ability to speak, talk, or swallow. This may involve:

  • educate you how to do certain things, such as pronunciation or pronunciation
  • teach you language skills
  • Provide you with educational materials
  • Gives you exercises to help strengthen your muscles
  • Gives you exercise to help you breathe better
  • Take a group therapy class

You should also expect to practice the skills and exercises you learned in speech therapy classes at home. Your speech pathologist may provide you with a workbook, worksheet, or virtual application for practicing at home.

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adult speech therapy

Depending on why you are seeking speech therapy, a speech-language pathologist may:

  • If you have apraxia or dysarthria, help you learn to move your muscles properly to make sounds
  • How to speak loudly with your breath if you have dysarthria
  • Helps you learn to manage stuttering by teaching you to reduce stress levels in certain situations
  • Helps you strengthen the muscles of your mouth to make it easier to swallow and eat if you have trouble eating or swallowing due to brain injury or illness

speech therapy for children

The speech pathologist’s approach will depend on the child. When working with children with feeding or swallowing disorders, they may focus on:

  • strengthen oral muscles
  • Help your child chew
  • Encourage children to try new foods and drinks
  • changing food texture to make it easier to swallow food
  • Help with food-related sensory issues

Other skills that speech-language pathologists may study with children include:

  • Linguistic complexity: For example, they might teach words like “and” and “or” to connect ideas in sentences.
  • Conversation skills: This may include role-playing to help children socialize and improve their ability to read social cues.
  • Vocabulary: They may use games or storytelling to help build their child’s vocabulary.
  • Phonological awareness: This recognition of the sounds that make up words is an important skill in reading. SLP can help children identify sounds and rhythms in words to build this skill.

A healthcare professional will also test your child’s hearing to determine if hearing loss is causing language and speech problems.


If you or your child is receiving speech therapy from a qualified speech pathologist, you may be wondering how likely you are to see improvement in speech, language, or feeding.

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Results will depend on the individual. It is also important to follow the exercises, techniques and strategies provided by language professionals. Visiting regularly and keeping up with practice activities and exercises makes it more likely that you will see improvements in yourself or your child.


Speech-language pathologists work with children or adults with speech, speech, or feeding and swallowing disorders. Typically, the first meeting will involve an assessment to identify the areas that cause you the most problems.

From there, they may teach you exercises and strategies to improve your speech, language, or ability to swallow and eat.

VigorTip words

Think you or your child would benefit from speech therapy? Contact your primary care provider for advice. You can also use the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) Find a Certified SLP Tool.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • How do I know if my child needs a speech therapist?

    Not all children develop at the same rate, but if your child has problems understanding language, doesn’t use gestures, or doesn’t seem to be learning new words, you might consider having them assessed by a speech therapist.

  • Does speech therapy really work?

    While this may depend on the individual and the cause of the speech-related problem, research shows that speech and language therapy can significantly improve speech and language problems.

  • What are the common speech therapy techniques?

    An example of a typical speech therapy technique is speech therapy. This technique teaches people to make specific sounds, sometimes by showing them how to move their mouth or tongue.

  • What is language delay?

    Language delay is when a child has difficulty speaking and understanding language that is unusual for their age.