The difference between bipolar disorder and BPD

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) has been a controversial diagnosis since it was first recognized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders in 1980. An unresolved controversy is whether BPD is related to bipolar disorder because they have many similar symptoms.

What are the similarities between bipolar personality disorder and borderline personality disorder

Some experts have suggested that the main reason BPD and bipolar disorder may be related is that they share the common characteristics of emotional instability.

Bipolar disorder is associated with the transition from depression to mania. This mood is characterized by elation, reduced sleep requirements and increased activity, or hypomania, which is similar to mania but less severe.

BPD is also associated with mood changes, sometimes called mood disorders or emotional instability. People with BPD often go from feeling good to being extremely distressed within a few minutes.

Patients with bipolar disorder and BPD also often exhibit impulsive behavior.

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What is the difference between bipolar personality disorder and borderline personality disorder

So, what is the difference between BPD and bipolar disorder? Some major components separate the two.

  • Quality: Although these diseases are all characterized by mood changes, the quality of mood changes can be quite different. Patients with bipolar disorder often experience mania and depression, while patients with BPD experience intense emotional pain and emptiness, despair, anger, despair, and loneliness.
  • Time: In BPD, mood changes are usually more short-lived. They may only last a few hours at a time. In contrast, mood changes in bipolar disorder tend to last for days or even weeks.
  • Reason: Emotional changes in BPD are usually responses to environmental stress, such as quarrels with relatives, while emotional changes in bipolar disorder may occur suddenly.
  • Degree: The typical emotional shift in BPD rarely involves triumph. Usually, this transition is from feeling depressed to feeling good, rather than from feeling bad to emotionally high or emotionally high, which is a typical feature of bipolar disorder.
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Are bipolar and borderline personality disorder related?

Although it is not yet clear, research has not found a close relationship between BPD and bipolar disorder. There is evidence that BPD patients are diagnosed with bipolar disorder at a higher rate than other personality disorders.

A study found that approximately 20% of BPD patients are also diagnosed with bipolar disorder. Only about 10% of people with other personality disorders are also diagnosed with bipolar disorder.

Another study looked at people who were diagnosed with BPD and bipolar disorder within 10 years. The results indicate that these barriers appear to be completely independent. The authors of the study emphasized that it is important to treat each disease individually to obtain the best chance of relieving symptoms.

Bottom line

So far, there has not been enough research showing that BPD is related to bipolar disorder. Although there are certainly some common characteristics, there are also some significant differences between BPD and bipolar disorder.

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In addition, the simultaneous occurrence of BPD and bipolar disorder is not sufficient to indicate that the two diseases are related. However, more research is needed on this topic. Future research, for example, on the genetic and biological causes of BPD and bipolar disorder, may reveal some undiscovered relationships between the two conditions.


The difference between bipolar disorder and BPD
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