The science of the male orgasm

Male orgasm is a complex experience that can occur at the height of sexual pleasure. A major function of the male orgasm is ejaculation, the release of sperm. However, not all men ejaculate during orgasm.

There are complex physical, environmental, and emotional factors that may hinder or enhance a man’s sexual arousal and orgasm.

This article explores the physiology of male sexual arousal and orgasm in men who are assigned male at birth. It will also explain orgasmic disorder, its potential causes, and treatment options.

The physiology of male sexual arousal and orgasm

The male orgasm is a complex system in which different areas of the brain and body play important roles.

in the brain, pituitary Responsible for managing hormone levels testosterone. The pituitary gland sends messages to the testes to make this hormone.

Testosterone helps:

  • libido, also known as libido
  • orgasm is the release of sexual tension, usually accompanied by ejaculation
  • Enhances sperm production in the testes

If testosterone is low, it reduces overall energy and mood. It can also make individuals less responsive to physical and mental stimuli.

Male ejaculation, semen, consists of sperm cells and semen.semen contains Phosphocholine, This is an enzyme that helps with fertility. It also contains fructose, which provides energy for sperm. The average amount of semen released in one ejaculate is about one teaspoon.


Semen consists of sperm cells and semen. The fluid contains an enzyme that aids in reproduction, as well as fructose, which fuels sperm.

Testosterone plays a role in libido, arousal, and orgasm. Low testosterone can affect libido, mood, and energy levels.

4 stages of male orgasm

There are four distinct phases of the male orgasm. While the duration and intensity of these phases may vary, the order tends to be as follows:

  • wake
  • plateau
  • orgasm
  • solve

This model was first proposed by William Masters and Virginia Johnson.

Awakening stage

During arousal, physical, sensory, and emotional cues prompt the brain to release a chemical messenger called acetylcholine. This triggers the release of nitric oxide into the arteries of the penis, causing them to swell and quickly fill with blood. This leads to an erection.

Other signs of male arousal may include:

  • changes in breathing
  • increased muscle tone
  • scrotum close to body


Before orgasm is a phase called plateau. This phase usually lasts 30 seconds to 2 minutes.

At this stage:

  • Heart rate increases to 150 to 175 beats per minute.
  • Blood pressure and body temperature rise.
  • The pelvic thrust becomes involuntary.
  • Pelvic thrust increases speed and strength.
  • Semen may leak from the urethra.

The release of semen is purposeful. It changes the pH of the urethra, giving sperm a better chance of surviving.

male orgasm

The orgasm phase is divided into two parts, ejaculation and ejaculation:

  • During ejaculation, sperm travels to the urethra near the tip of the penis. At this point, ejaculation is inevitable.
  • During ejaculation, strong contractions of the muscles of the penis and pelvic floor help to expel semen from the body.

During orgasm, the brain’s reward centers are activated, which can lead to strong emotional responses.

part of the brain called lateral orbitofrontal cortex Suppressed during orgasm. This part of the brain plays a central role in judgment and self-control.

Some men can enhance erections and orgasms with digital prostate massage. This is a technique in which a finger is inserted into the rectum to stimulate the prostate before and/or during sex.

Walnut-sized glands are located in the front wall of the rectum and are considered by some to be the male G-spot.

Resolution and Refraction Stages

Resolution is the post-orgasm phase where the penis begins to lose its erection. This is often accompanied by feelings of relaxation and even drowsiness.

Refraction, also known as the refractory period, is when a man cannot get an erection again even when stimulated.

male multiple orgasm

Multiorgasmic describes the ability to have more than one orgasm in minutes or seconds. An orgasm may or may not involve actual ejaculation, but is otherwise similar to an orgasm.

According to research, about 10 percent of men in their 20s and less than 7 percent of men over 30 are thought to have multiple orgasms.

Multiple orgasmic states can be concentrated or sporadic. When it’s concentrated, two to four separate orgasms occur within seconds to two minutes. When it is sporadic, refraction is delayed, and multiple orgasms can occur within minutes.

In men with multiple orgasms, several factors are often noted.

These include:

  • Use of psychotropic substances
  • Have multiple partners
  • have a new sexual partner
  • use of sex toys

male orgasm disorder

Orgasmic disorder is different from ejaculation disorder. Ejaculation disorders are related to the actual release of semen.

Common ejaculation disorders include:

  • Premature ejaculation is when ejaculation occurs faster than the individual would like
  • Retrograde ejaculation is the backflow of semen into the bladder during ejaculation
  • Ejaculation is the inability to ejaculate

With orgasm disorders, orgasms do not occur, are delayed, or occur infrequently.

dry orgasm

Dry orgasm is when very little semen is expelled during orgasm. Also known as orgasmic ejaculation, dry orgasms can occur:

  • after bladder or prostate surgery
  • due to low testosterone
  • If the vas deferens is blocked
  • related to high blood pressure
  • enlarged prostate

Treatment for dry orgasm may include psychotherapy and medication, depending on the core cause of the problem. Keep in mind that some medications can cause dry orgasms, so it’s best to speak with your healthcare provider if you have concerns.

For some people, dry orgasm does not affect sexual pleasure, so treatment may not be needed.


Orgasm is the inability of an individual to achieve orgasm.

Anorgasmia can be caused by mental and physical health problems, such as:

  • pressure
  • trauma
  • frustrated
  • anxiety
  • diabetes
  • hypertension
  • low testosterone
  • Prostatectomy (Prostate Surgery)
  • Drugs such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)

Treatment for anorgasmia depends on the underlying cause. Treatment options may include psychotherapy, medication changes, or testosterone replacement therapy.

Another option might be to use Dostinex (cabergoline), which normalizes the hormone prolactin. This hormone is thought to reduce libido and activity in the brain’s reward center. Studies have shown that many men respond positively to the drug with minimal side effects.

Erectile dysfunction medications such as Viagra (sildenafil) and Cialis (tadalafil) do not treat orgasm disorders.


The four stages of male orgasm include arousal, plateau, orgasm, and resolution. Some people may experience orgasmic disorders such as dry orgasm and anorgasmia. Mental health, overall health, and medication can all contribute to orgasmic disorder.

Treatment for orgasmic disorder varies and depends on the underlying cause. Treatment may include psychotherapy, medication, and testosterone replacement therapy. Your prescribing doctor may also discuss changing your current medication with you if it causes illness.