As a Schedule II controlled substance, the recreational use of cocaine is illegal in the United States. It uses this federal classification because it is considered a substance that is likely to be abused and severely psychologically or physically dependent. When defining the addictive potential of cocaine, the short answer is that cocaine is addictive. But not everyone who smokes cocaine will become addicted, so the most complete answer is that many factors will affect whether people who smoke cocaine will become addicted.
One of the main issues in the conversation about substance addiction is to focus on the drug rather than the mental health and history of the person taking it. Statistically, people who use cocaine have a very low rate of substance use disorder. An epidemiological study in 2006 showed that about 80% of people who use cocaine no longer have chemical dependence after two years.However, the remaining 20% are at risk of developing into use disorders. But like any medicine, everyone who takes it is at risk of its negative side effects.
6 things about cocaine addiction
- The exact time required to feel the subjective effects of cocaine varies depending on the route of administration-whether it is smoking, injection, oral, or smoking.
- Both the use of cocaine and the young age at the first use of cocaine are important risk factors for addiction.
- You can reduce (though not eliminate) the risks associated with the use of cocaine through harm reduction strategies.
- After the initial “crash”, cocaine withdrawal symptoms can last for weeks or months.
- Cocaine addiction, known as stimulant use disorder in DSM-5, is a disorder characterized by many criteria, of which withdrawal symptoms are only one of them.
Factors affecting the likelihood of addiction
Cocaine is a central nervous system stimulant. The pharmacological mechanism of cocaine affects how users develop stimulant use disorders. Cocaine works quickly and fades quickly, making people who use it tend to use more, usually in a short period of time. Cocaine has a relatively short half-life, which means that subjective effects (also known as “high”) happen very quickly-if you smoke it will happen immediately, if you smoke it will happen within 3 to 5 minutes, and if it is injected it will happen within 15 to 30 minutes. Within minutes.
Therefore, the decline occurs relatively quickly, usually between one to three hours after taking the drug, and the rapid onset of the withdrawal effect encourages a usage pattern called “bulimia”. It has been observed in animal and human studies that this overuse over a period of time, followed by exhaustion and more limited use, and then a higher consumption rate, increases the risk of dependence and addiction.
The purity of the cocaine used also has a great influence on whether a person suffers from a stimulant use disorder. Cocaine purchased in the underground market may be only 10% pure, and as much as 90% of the substance is composed of mixed other substances. Generally, the substances chosen to “cut” cocaine are because of their appearance, taste, or feel like cocaine, such as pseudoephedrine, levamisole, benzocaine, or caffeine. Certain substances used, such as amphetamine and methamphetamine, have their own addictive potential. Others have cross tolerance to cocaine.
How settings and settings affect cocaine addiction
Research on drug users has shown that the environment and the environment, or the psychological and physical environment of drug use, affect whether a person suffers from substance abuse disorders.Even animals tend to use cocaine in drug-related areas, rather than the preferred area before exposure to cocaine. Using cocaine while feeling good may make it more difficult to enjoy the same situation without drugs in the future.
Animal and human studies have also shown that cocaine self-administration increases when food is restricted. This discovery has important implications for people who restrict food intake to help lose weight, especially if they also use cocaine as an appetite suppressant, increase energy levels, or increase metabolism.
Notes on the use of cocaine
Although it may be a pleasant orgasm for some people, cocaine may be unpredictable, leading to risks of overstimulation, unstable social behavior, mental and physical health problems, and even death from overdose.
If a person has low self-esteem, if they have mental health problems such as anxiety, depression or mental illness, if their family members have substance use disorders, or if they have a history of abuse.If any of these problems affect you, you should avoid the use of cocaine, or even the use of any substance, and seek help for the underlying problem, rather than trying to overcome or avoid it by using cocaine. Your family doctor can help you in this area and refer you to a specialist who can provide you with appropriate treatment.
Treatment of stimulant use disorder
If you are used to cocaine, please ask your doctor or addiction clinic for help.Your doctor can help you control your withdrawal symptoms to improve your comfort and reduce the risk of recurrence.
Effective treatment of stimulant use disorder also requires treatment of any comorbidities. Often, overuse of cocaine is a coping mechanism for other challenges in personal life. The reality is that these challenges still exist after a person stops using cocaine.
Therefore, if you are trying to stop using cocaine, it is important to seek supportive mental health treatment.There are effective treatments, and your doctor can help you determine which method is right for you.
Very good sentence
Most people who use cocaine do not have long-term addiction problems, but even occasional use can bring serious risks. If you or someone you love has a problem with cocaine, you can help.