the word”Neurotype“Can be used to describe individuals whose brains develop and function in a way that is usually or socially expected. The term can also be used to refer to those without a developmental disorder, such as autism. Symptoms of developmental disorders vary, but they may affect communication , motor skills, behavior, and social and/or learning abilities.
You may hear the term “neurotype” at school, at autism conferences and events, and at the therapist’s office. You may also hear “neurodiversity,” used to promote developmental differences between individuals. Keep in mind that neither of these terms is a formal diagnosis.
This article explains what the term neurotypical means and provides examples of neurotypical characteristics. It will also explore what neurodiversity means, and what the neurodiversity movement is.
What is a neurotypical person?
A typical neurotype is an individual who thinks, perceives, and behaves in ways that the general public considers normal. In addition, institutions such as schools, sports leagues, and places of employment are often designed to accommodate people who meet these norms.
Remember, there is no stable, universally understood concept of “normal”. In fact, “normal” perceptions and behaviors vary widely based on many factors, including culture and geographic location. For example, in some cultures, direct eye contact is required; in others, this is considered rude.
What are some examples of neurotypical features?
Depending on each unique individual’s perspective, neurotypical traits may be viewed as positive, negative, or neutral. While neurotypical characteristics may vary, some examples may include being able to:
- Develop language, physical, social and intellectual skills at a specific pace, sequence and level
- Perform well in complex social environments with many people
- Processing sensory information such as bright light, sound, crowds, and motion with little difficulty
- Finds it easy to get involved in team activities, including sports, games and projects
- Learn in a fast-paced, highly verbal and competitive environment with a large number of peers
- perform well under pressure
- coping with change
- Speaks, moves, and behaves in “anticipated” ways, such as at a certain volume and at a distance from others
The term “neurotypical” refers to someone whose brain functions in a way that is considered normal. What is considered a norm can vary based on many factors.
What does neurodiversity mean?
Neurodiversity refers to the existence of many unique ways of thinking, behaving, and learning. The term is meant to embrace differences, not to say that one way the brain works is better than another. When discussing individuals, especially “nerve divergencecan be used to describe the way they navigate the world. Some examples of individuals who might be identified as neurodiverse include:
- some people Dyslexiaa condition that affects areas of the brain that process language, making reading and spelling difficult
- those have Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which describes a range of symptoms that may affect someone’s ability to concentrate and/or sit still
- Individuals with autism who may experience varying degrees of social, learning, and behavioral differences
Will your child have autism?
Examples of neural divergence features
The ability of nerve divergence varies from person to person. Some examples of advantages might include:
- Ability to focus on specific topics
- think creatively
- Attention to detail
- Above-average skills in math, music and/or art
- Has strong long-term memory
- very honest
- have high energy
- good at problem solving
Those who identify as neurodiversity may have some difficulties with certain skills and abilities. These vary from person to person and may include difficulty maintaining eye contact, completing tasks at once, and participating in group activities.
Neurodiversity promotes that everyone thinks, behaves and learns differently. People with dyslexia or ADHD, as well as people with autism, may be considered neurodiversity.
The Neurodiversity Movement is focused on arguing that developmental differences that can occur in autism, ADHD, dyslexia, and other disorders should not be considered symptoms of the disorder. Instead, these features are seen as typical findings that do not require treatment.
In 2014, the term “neurotypical” had become common enough to be the title of a PBS documentary. The film features people with autism spectrum disorder who describe their views of themselves in relation to “normal” society, which they often refer to as “neurotypical.”
In 2015, Steve Silberman wrote Neurotribes: The Legacy of Autism and the Future of Neurodiversity“ It argues that autism spectrum disorders have been part of the human condition throughout history. He believes that by learning about their autism, some adults are discovering their “neural tribes” — their neural relatives.
The neurodiversity movement promotes the idea that all brains work differently, and that one is no better than the other. The campaign also underscores that what some have said are symptoms of the disease are typical expressions that do not require treatment.
Is Neurodiversity Controversial?
The concept of neurodiversity is controversial. For example, some parents of children with autism and some self-advocates view autism as a disorder that requires support and resources. To a large extent, differences in opinion are directly related to differences in personal experience.
When autism (or other developmental disorder) causes severe physical or mental distress, it may be considered a disorder. However, if it is a source of competence and personal pride, it may be seen as an asset.
5 Controversies in the autism community
The term “neurotypical” can be used to refer to individuals who think, learn, and behave in ways that are considered normative. Institutions such as schools and workplaces are often designed to best suit those who meet these norms.
The term “neurodiversity” describes the idea that there are many ways of thinking, learning, and behaving. The neurodiversity movement supports the idea that developmental differences should be accepted and treated as typical, rather than disease symptoms.
Frequently Asked Questions
Are people with ADHD considered neurotypical?
Some experts believe that people with ADHD think and solve problems differently than so-called neurotypes. This is not a generally held view and does not reflect any type of diagnostic criteria.
Does neuroticism mean you have a mental disorder?
Absolutely not. The term “neurotypical” is often used to refer to people without known developmental disabilities.
What is the opposite of neurotypical?
Some people use the term “neurodiversity” to refer to people with characteristics and methods of thinking and learning that differ from those considered normative.