What is a mullein?

mullein (mullein) is a common plant that has been used in herbal medicine for centuries. While most gardeners consider it a weed, its flowers and leaves are often used by herbalists to treat respiratory problems and skin conditions. Mullein is also sometimes used as a flavoring agent for alcoholic beverages.

This article explains the traditional uses of mullein in herbal medicine, its common uses, and the side effects you need to know about when taking it.

What is mullein used for?

Certain compounds in the leaves and flowers of mullein are thought to be a sedative, a substance that relieves irritation of the body’s mucous membranes, such as the nose, mouth, and throat.Mullein treatment can also be used as expectorant, which is a common cough suppressant. Expectorants thin phlegm and remove congestion associated with colds or other breathing problems.

In some cases, mullein is applied directly to the skin to help treat burns or skin inflammation. Mullein oil is also used in ear drops to treat ear infections.

In lab tests published in 2002, researchers found that mullein helps kill certain types of bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus (the most common cause of staph infections) and Escherichia coli (or Escherichia coli).

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Herbalists commonly use mullein to address the following health problems:

  • upper respiratory tract infection
  • cough
  • bronchitis
  • asthma

The effectiveness of Mullein in treating any disease is not fully supported by scientific data. Preliminary research, however, suggests that mullein holds promise for the following conditions:


In test-tube studies, mullein has been found to fight the virus that causes the flu. However, because the flu can lead to serious illnesses like pneumonia, it’s important to seek medical attention (rather than try to self-medicate) when you develop flu symptoms.

What to do if you have the flu

ear infection

In 2003, 171 patients with earache (earache or earache), those using mullein (along with garlic, Calendula, St. John’s wort, lavender, vitamin E, and olive oil) showed statistically significant improvements over the course of three days. In fact, people who were given ear drops alone responded better than those who were given ear drops at the same time. amoxicillin.


Although there is little research on the effectiveness of mullein for treating health problems, it has been used as an herbal remedy for hundreds of years. It has traditionally been used to relieve coughs and severe respiratory problems such as asthma or bronchitis. It is also used in herbal medicine for earaches and rashes.

possible side effects

While there are no known side effects associated with the use of mullein, it is important to understand the safety of supplements before using any herbal medicine.

Supplements have not been tested for safety. Because dietary supplements are largely unregulated, the actual content of some products may not match their product labels. Also keep in mind that supplements may not be safe for pregnant women, nursing mothers, and children. It’s also not known how these treatments affect people with the disease or taking certain types of medications.

How to use medicinal herbs

Dosage and Formulation

There is not enough scientific data to determine an appropriate dose of mullein. However, in studies, specific products containing mullein, garlic, calendula, and St. John’s wort have been used in the ear for up to three days.

Your correct dose may depend on factors such as your age, sex, weight, and medical condition. Talk to your doctor for personalized advice.


Mullein doesn’t cause side effects or complications, but because there’s so little research on it, doctors generally recommend using it with caution. TCM practitioners prepare the treatment with Verbasin, which can be taken orally, applied to the skin, or placed in the ear. These substances are not regulated, and studies have not proven suitable for consumption. So it’s best to proceed with caution.

what to look for

Tinctures, capsules, lozenges, powders, and ear drops containing mullein are available in many health food stores.

Due to limited research, it is too early to recommend mullein as a treatment for any disease. If you are considering using it, consult your healthcare provider to weigh the potential risks and benefits. Remember that alternative medicines should not be used as a substitute for standard care. Self-medicating the disease and avoiding or delaying standard care can have serious consequences.


For some people, herbal treatments can relieve a variety of symptoms. Mullein appears to be a fairly harmless herbal remedy for reducing pain or inflammation from flu, earaches, and skin problems. However, it has not been proven to be effective and it should not be used in place of a prescription drug or treatment recommended by your doctor. If you try a mullein compound and your symptoms do not improve or get worse, see your doctor as soon as possible.