When a fungal anal yeast infection occurs, Candida, growing around the anus. Yeast infections are usually mild in healthy people and are easily treated with over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription medications.
Your healthcare provider can determine if a yeast infection is the cause of your symptoms and help you find the best treatment.
This article explains the causes, symptoms, and treatment of yeast infections. It also provides tips to prevent them from coming back.
What is an anal yeast infection?
Yeast infections can occur anywhere on the body, but are most common in the following areas:
- skin folds
Anal yeast infections can affect the anus and the area around it (perianal).
Candida— The fungus that causes yeast infections — is a normal part of most people’s skin, mouth, digestive system, stool, and vaginal flora. Flora refers to the microorganisms that live in and around the human body—bacteria, fungi, archaea, and viruses. Flora can protect your health and aid digestion.but overgrown Candida– Caused by warmth or humidity – may cause infection. Yeast can also be obtained from:
- Antibiotic use, resulting in an imbalance of flora
- diabetes or high blood sugar
- hormonal changes, such as during pregnancy and when taking oral contraceptives
- Poor sanitation (resulting in a warm and humid environment)
- weakened immune system
Candidiasis: Yeast Overgrowth and Its Many Forms
The first symptom most people notice is itching in the perianal area. anal itching is a common condition defined as a chronic itchy sensation of the skin around the anus. It is estimated that about 15% of anal itching is caused by a fungal infection.
Anal yeast infections can spread in both directions: they can start in the anus and spread to the penis or vagina, or they can start in these areas and spread to the anus. Symptoms of an anal yeast infection can appear around the anus unless the infection has spread to other parts of the body. Your symptoms may include:
- itching and soreness
- burning sensation
- red, inflamed, inflamed skin
- discharge or bleeding
While there are over-the-counter treatment options for yeast infections, you should see a healthcare provider if:
- This is your first yeast infection.
- You experience frequent or recurring infections.
- Your symptoms last longer than a week.
To diagnose an infection, your healthcare provider may:
- Collect symptom history
- Complete a physical examination of the perianal area
- Take a sample to test Candida grow
Treatment for a yeast infection depends on the severity of the infection. For most healthy people with an uncompromised immune system, yeast infections are not serious and easily treated. But results depend on diligence. In other words, complete the entire treatment regimen to ensure complete clearance of the infection.
There are many effective yeast infection treatment options available over the counter. They are available as antifungal ointments, creams, or suppositories. Common medications used to treat yeast infections include:
- Monita (miconazole)
- Terconazole (terazol)
- Lotrimin (clotrimazole)
- Butconazole (gynazole)
Vaginal Yeast Infection Medications
While most yeast infection medications are used to treat vaginal yeast infections, they can often be used to treat other areas of the body as well.
Your healthcare provider may recommend topical treatments, such as over-the-counter creams and ointments, or oral antifungal medications. Most mild to moderate yeast infections can be treated with a one-time dose of Daflucon (fluconazole).
For severe or recurring infections, you may need a longer course of treatment. Your healthcare provider may recommend:
- Use an ointment, cream, or suppository daily for up to two weeks, then once a week for several months
- Multiple doses of oral antifungal drugs, such as Diflucan
Natural and alternative treatments for infection control may be popular, but not all treatments have been shown to be effective in treating yeast infections. Some research supports that symptoms can be improved by:
- Tea tree oil: One study showed that tea tree oil can help enhance the treatment of yeast infections. The study combined the oil with the drug fluconazole to help treat recurring infections.
- Ozonated olive oil: Ozonated olive oil may be an effective topical treatment for yeast infections, one study found.
- Garlic and Thyme: This study compared a cream containing garlic and thyme with Clotrimazole (anti-fungal) cream. They found that both creams were equally effective in treating yeast infections.
Consult your healthcare provider before starting any alternative treatment. Some methods are not known to be effective, may interact with other drugs, or are simply ineffective.
You can reduce your risk of yeast infections around the anus (and anywhere else) by:
- Wear cotton underwear and loose, breathable clothing
- Wash thoroughly and change into dry clothes after exercising or swimming
- Avoid scented products to clean at-risk areas
- Use body protection (condoms or dental dams) during sex
- maintain a healthy weight
- Take a probiotic supplement daily or eat probiotic-containing foods to promote a healthy flora
- Avoid foods high in carbs and sugar
People can get yeast infections anywhere, including the mouth, throat, vagina, penis, and anus.When fungal concentrations are high Candida Settling in the latter area, it triggers intense itching, burning, and redness.normal level Candida To not trigger such symptoms, the area must be extremely wet. Several over-the-counter and prescription treatments are effective in clearing an anal yeast infection. After you have one, you do everything possible to prevent it from happening again; following a few prevention tips should help.
Your healthcare provider can assess whether a yeast infection is the cause of your symptoms and guide you in choosing the best course of treatment. Even if your symptoms go away sooner than you expect, you can be your own best health advocate by getting through all of your medication. This is a surefire way to get rid of infections.