What is attachment therapy?

What is attachment therapy?

Attachment therapy is based on attachment theory, exploring how a person’s childhood experiences affect their ability to form meaningful connections as adults. Although attachment therapy is usually recommended for those with negative childhood experiences, anyone struggling to establish a deep connection with others may benefit from treatment.

“In attachment-based therapy, the therapist works with people who need help rebuilding trust in relationships, especially because people with attachment disorders tend to get stuck in difficult relationships,” Co-founder and Chief Clinical Officer, DSW Caroline Finkel The doctor pointed out that Charlie is healthy.

She continued, “It really comes down to doing inner work. I mean, the therapist will help you literally get in touch with your inner child-when you are injured, traumatized or abandoned for the first time. , What kind of person you are. From there, the therapist will help you’re-nurture’ that version of yourself with love, patience, and compassion.”

It’s almost like switching to a new narrator in your mind. A person who loves himself more and believes in you—not a person who cultivates terrible ideas that others will abandon, hurt, or disappoint you.

Attachment theory can also help you realize that you have the ability to take care of yourself without having to rely entirely on others to bring you a sense of mission.

What is attachment theory?

In order to better understand what attachment therapy is and how it works, it is important to understand attachment theory.

This theory was founded by psychologist John Bowlby, who completed extensive research on how children develop their relationships with parents and caregivers from birth to early.

Based on his research, he proposed four different types of attachment: safe, avoidant, anxious, and disorganized. Bowlby correctly assumes that attachment style will affect people’s interpersonal relationships later in life, from childhood to adulthood.

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“Anxious attachment style is probably the most talked about’type’-which is why many people seek attachment therapy-because it tends to manifest in adulthood,” Dr. Finkel pointed out. “People with an anxious attachment style obviously live with a certain degree of anxiety, but they deal specifically with the fear of loneliness and the fear that is often seen as interdependence.”

There is nothing inherently wrong with this style of attachment, and many people have it. However, it can be very beneficial to know this about yourself and let the therapist help you navigate these strong emotions and patterns in a specific way.


Usually, using the mantra of “recovering power” in attachment therapy, you will often explore childhood events and determine how these experiences affect your life today.

In the beginning, expect to deeply reflect on your relationship with your primary caregiver (usually your parents, grandparents, or adoptive parents/adoptive parents). Be prepared to analyze how these early dynamics continue to manifest today.

Caroline Finkel, DSW

By exploring childhood attachment trauma, people can begin to deal with their trauma narratively. When you can tell what happened in a way that you feel like you are in control and safety, it greatly enhances your ability to combat PTSD, anxiety, and/or depressive symptoms.

—Carolyn Finkel, DSW

She added that once you have completed a lot of work dealing with childhood caregivers, you are likely to refocus on your relationships with romantic partners, friends, and even colleagues in adulthood. This may sound strange, but all of this helps you cope with life in the healthiest way possible.

In addition to focusing on working with the inner child one-on-one with the therapist, attachment-based therapy can also be performed in a couple, group, or family therapy setting. No matter which method you use, you may do some exercises to help you better connect with yourself and connect with others.

What attachment therapy can help

If you have symptoms of attachment disorder, attachment therapy can help. Consider whether you:

Benefits of attachment therapy

Attachment therapy can help you solve some subconscious, lingering childhood problems that still affect your ability to build meaningful relationships as an adult.

“The main benefit of attachment therapy and the technology it uses is to help individuals gain a sense of security. [By doing so], It promotes emotional balance and enjoyable social interaction, while increasing self-esteem and confidence,” said Tyra Gardner, a psychotherapist and CEO of the Mindfulness Health Center.


As with any form of therapy, the effectiveness of attachment therapy varies with different factors. These may include your determination and vulnerability in deep introspection and progress, relationship with the therapist, and frequency/consistency of treatment.

“It is important to discuss treatment options with professionals to understand which method is best for you,” Dr. Finkel suggested. “Attachment-based therapy is very relevant, which means that it largely depends on how the person seeking treatment interacts with other people. If the treatment is individualized, clinical analysis may be more difficult.”

She added that the use of attachment-based methods for group and family therapy is very effective, especially for children and young people. This may be especially true for children and young people living with anxiety, depression, or suicidal thoughts.

Things to consider

Likewise, like many forms of therapy, attachment-based therapy is not a specific, step-by-step prescription. On the contrary, it is fluid and organic. To see actual progress, it is important to adopt a “go with the flow” attitude, come with an open mind, and realize that things can become very difficult before they get better.

Caroline Finkel, DSW

Because when you try to get through excessive arousal – such as overreacting to normal adversity – or low arousal – it’s almost like a sense of detachment from the coming and going of life – you must be able to evaluate and resolve every scene that arises. Will trigger this reaction. This is a very deep process, but it is well worth it.

—Carolyn Finkel, DSW

How to start

The first step is always the most difficult, but participating in treatment is an investment that will have a lasting impact on your life.

If you think attachment-based treatment is right for you, please consider calling your insurance provider first to see if your treatment will be covered or partially covered. If you are a student, you can also consult with the health department of your university to see if they provide free services for current students.

You can also initiate your research by discussing the provision of this form of treatment with your current primary care provider and/or therapist. As an alternative, please contact your local treatment facility and let them point you in the right direction.

“Before you start, it’s helpful to write down some of the ways you think your childhood or early life environment emerged in your daily life, whether it’s that you feel very anxious when you are alone, or tend to be a clinging partner or Friend,” Dr. Finkel said. “But observe without judgment. This is the true basis of this work: not to judge yourself, but to learn how to love all the chapters in your life that make you grow. you. ”


What is attachment therapy?
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