What is consciousness?

What is consciousness?

Awareness refers to your personal awareness of your unique thoughts, memories, feelings, feelings, and environment. Essentially, your consciousness is your knowledge of yourself and the world around you. This awareness is subjective and unique to you. If you can describe what you are experiencing in words, then it is part of your consciousness.

Your conscious experience is constantly changing and changing. For example, you may concentrate on reading this article at some point. Then, your consciousness may be transferred to the memory of the conversations you had with colleagues before. Next, you may notice how uncomfortable your chair is, or you may be mentally planning your dinner.

This ever-changing flow of thought will change dramatically from one moment to the next, but your experience of it seems to be smooth and relaxed.

Consciousness type

There are many things that can lead to changes or changes in consciousness. Some of them occur naturally, while others are the result of factors such as drugs or brain damage. Changes in consciousness can also lead to changes in perception, thinking, understanding, and interpretation of the world.

Some different states of consciousness include:

There are two normal states of consciousness: conscious and unconscious. Changes in the level of consciousness may also occur, which may be caused by medical or mental conditions that impair or change consciousness.

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Types of changes in consciousness include:

  • coma
  • Puzzled
  • delirium
  • lose the way
  • lethargy
  • coma

Doctors and healthcare professionals may use different assessments to measure and assess the level of awareness. The scores of these assessments can be used to guide diagnosis and treatment decisions.


Understanding the different levels of awareness can help healthcare professionals spot signs that someone may be experiencing problems.

A change in consciousness can sometimes be a sign of a medical condition or even an emergency medical emergency.

For example, a sudden change in consciousness may be a sign of:

  • Aneurysm
  • Brain infection
  • Brain tumor or injury
  • Dementia or Alzheimer’s disease
  • Medication
  • epilepsy
  • heart disease
  • heart disease
  • Brain hypoxia
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Poisoning
  • Shock
  • Stroke

When to seek help

If you think your consciousness is changing, please consult your doctor. A sudden change may be a sign of a medical emergency that requires immediate attention, such as a stroke or bleeding.

Talking to your doctor right away can ensure that you get treatment immediately before the problem gets worse.

History of consciousness

For thousands of years, the study of human consciousness has been mainly the work of philosophers. The French philosopher Rene Descartes introduced the concept of dualism of mind and body, or that although mind and body are separate, they do interact.

Once psychology was established as a discipline independent of philosophy and biology, the study of conscious experience became one of the first topics studied by early psychologists.

Structuralists use a process called introspection to analyze and report conscious feelings, thoughts, and experiences. Well-trained observers will carefully examine the content of their thoughts. Obviously, this is a very subjective process, but it helps to stimulate further research on the scientific research of consciousness.

American psychologist William James likened consciousness to a stream—despite constant change and change, but uninterrupted and continuous. Psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud (Sigmund Freud) focuses on understanding the importance of unconscious and conscious thinking.

Although in the first half of the 20th century, most of the research focus of psychology has shifted to purely observable behavior, since the 1950s, the research on human consciousness has made considerable progress.

Theory of Consciousness

One of the problems with consciousness research is the lack of universally accepted operational definitions.Descartes proposed Cogito ergo sum (“I think, therefore I am”), thinking that the act of thinking itself proves the authenticity of a person’s existence and consciousness. Although today, consciousness is usually defined as the consciousness of oneself and the world, there are still debates about different aspects of this consciousness.

The focus of consciousness research is to understand the neuroscience behind our conscious experience. Scientists even use brain scanning technology to find specific neurons that may be related to different conscious events. Modern researchers have proposed two theories of consciousness: comprehensive information theory and global workspace theory.

Comprehensive Information Theory

This method studies consciousness by learning more about the physical processes that underlie our conscious experience.The theory attempts to create a method of measuring the comprehensive information that forms consciousness. The quality of the consciousness of the organism is expressed by the degree of integration.

The theory tends to focus on whether something is conscious and to what extent it is conscious.

Global Workspace Theory

This theory suggests that we have a memory bank from which the brain extracts information to form a conscious experience.Although integrated information theory focuses more on determining whether an organism is conscious, global workspace theory provides a broader approach to understanding how consciousness works.

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Consciousness has attracted philosophers and scientists for thousands of years, but experts clearly have a long way to go in understanding this concept. Researchers continue to explore the different foundations of consciousness, including the physical, social, cultural, and psychological influences that contribute to our consciousness.