What is fiction?

Fiction is a kind of memory error, in which a person’s memory is unconsciously filled with fabricated, misunderstood or distorted information.When someone talks nonsense, they confuse their imagination with real memories.

The bullshit is not lying. They did not try to deceive, intentionally or unintentionally. On the contrary, even in the face of conflicting evidence, they are confident in the authenticity of their memories.


When someone’s mind is thinking about it, it tries to cover up the memory that has been lost.This happened without anyone realizing it. There are two types of fiction: provocative and spontaneous:

  • When someone makes up an untrue story about a specific problem, provocative nonsense occurs. This type of fiction is most common in people with dementia or amnesia, and it often occurs.
  • Spontaneous conversations are less common. This happens when someone tells a fabricated story without any obvious motivation or provocation.

Fiction is usually related to memory impairment, brain damage or disease, and mental illness. However, this has also been observed in healthy people without a history of neurological disease, mental health or brain injury.

Signs and symptoms

Fiction usually indicates an underlying problem with a person’s memory—for example, neuropsychiatric disease, brain damage, or substance use disorder.Fiction has several common characteristics, including:

  • Lack of awareness of errors or distortions in memory. When pointing out the error, the person does not care that their narrative is clearly untrue.
  • Don’t try to deceive or lie. This person has no hidden motivation to remember information by mistake.
  • The story is usually taken from the memory of this person. The basis of false memory information is usually based on the person’s past or current experiences and thoughts.
  • This story can be very possible or very impossible. Stories may be completely coherent and reasonable, while other stories may be very incoherent and unrealistic.
READ ALSO:  Nervous system and endocrine system


Lying is not the same as lying.When someone lies, they will provide untrue information and deliberately fool or manipulate others. On the other hand, a nonsense person does not do this to deceive, and actually does not realize that what they remember is not the truth.

Although fiction involves providing false information, those who do this believe that what they remember is true.

For example, people with dementia may be able to clearly describe when they last met with a doctor, even if the scene they described never actually happened.

People with memory problems may not remember exactly how they knew someone. When asked directly, they might make up a story to explain the occasion when they first met this person.

Another fictional example is when a person with a memory deficit is asked to remember and describe details of past events. It’s not so much that they don’t know, it’s better to say that the person’s mind fills in the missing details with fictitious memories of events.

Fictitious memories can be detailed and detailed.

For example, a schizophrenic patient with delusional disorder may make up more fantasies and intricate memories about their problems.

In other situations, a person’s memory may be very ordinary. For example, a person may not be able to remember exactly how a small bruise on their arm occurred, but may fabricate or remember a story to explain how the injury occurred.


Fiction is usually the result of brain disease or injury. Some diseases related to fiction include memory impairment, brain damage and certain mental illnesses.There are several mental and neurological diseases associated with fiction, including:

  • Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, a neurological disease associated with severe thiamine deficiency, usually caused by chronic alcoholism
  • Alzheimer’s disease, a type of dementia related to memory loss, cognitive impairment, language problems, and other neurological problems
  • Traumatic brain injury, damage to specific areas of the brain, such as the medial lower frontal lobe
  • Schizophrenia, a mental health disorder, affects a person’s ability to recognize and understand reality, leading to abnormal experiences and behaviors
READ ALSO:  How the visual cliff tests the baby's perception of depth

There is no specific area of ​​the brain responsible for making up, but damage to the frontal lobe (which is essential to help us form memories) and the corpus callosum (which plays a key role in visual and auditory memory) is related to this and gossip.


There are different theories trying to explain fiction.Some studies have shown that there are two main factors that play a role in this type of memory disruption:

  • Over-learning: This factor can cause certain types of information to appear in a person’s mind. When certain information appears large in a person’s memory, it tends to exclude other details. If there is a memory gap, over-learned information will dominate and force more specific facts and memories. This may cause memory distortion and inaccuracies.
  • Poor coding: This factor leads to information not being completely stored in the brain’s long-term memory. For example, if a person is distracted during an activity, they are less likely to pay attention to details. If the information is not fully encoded, the person is more likely to forget or remember it incorrectly.


Research shows that fiction can be difficult to treat. The recommended treatment depends on the underlying cause (if the source can be determined).

For example, it doesn’t make much sense to argue about the effectiveness of memory in patients with dementia. Instead of trying to challenge or refute their memories, it is better to offer acceptance and support.

READ ALSO:  What is consciousness?

In some cases, psychotherapy and cognitive behavioral therapy can be used to resolve nonsense. These methods help individuals become more aware of inaccuracies in their memory.

Techniques to encourage people to question what they did and don’t remember are also useful. People are asked to answer that they don’t know something or they are not sure, rather than making up a response.

The results of a 2017 study support neuropsychological treatment of gibberish in patients with brain injury.Researchers in the study asked participants to complete a memory task and then showed them their wrong reactions.

When participants were told of their mistakes, they were given specific instructions to make them pay more attention to the material and consider their answers before answering. Research results show that this method can effectively reduce nonsense, and this effect can also be extended to other areas after treatment.

Very good sentence

The family and friends of people who are prone to nonsense may feel depressed or distressed. It may seem that the person they love is lying, but understanding that lying is not an attempt to deceive can make it easier for them to cope.

Fiction can be confusing or frustrating, but sometimes it can help people with memory impairments cope with the current reality. Gaps in memory can be difficult or even scary for people who have experienced them. Fictitious memory is a way for the brain to try to understand the world.

If you are worried that your loved one might show signs of joking, be sure to ask for help. Consider talking to a mental health professional who can determine the root cause and support you and your loved ones as you deal with the effects of nonsense.