What is phobia?

What is phobia?

Mysophobia is a phobia, the center of which is extreme and irrational fear of bacteria, dirt or pollution. It is normal and prudent to worry about food cross-contamination, contact with other human body fluids, and maintaining good hygiene. However, if you suffer from a panic disorder, these normal worries can become exaggerated and interfere with daily life.

There are other names for this situation, including:

  • Bacterial phobia
  • Bacterial phobia
  • Bacterial phobia
  • Pest phobia

Phobia is usually related to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), but people without OCD may also suffer from this disorder. Phobias are considered quite common and can affect people from all walks of life.

This article discusses the symptoms, diagnosis, causes, and treatment of phobias. It also introduces some measures to deal with such phobias.


Common symptoms of phobia include behaviors used to avoid contact with bacteria or contamination. These symptoms may include:

  • Avoid places that are believed to contain a lot of bacteria or dirt
  • Extremely afraid of being contaminated
  • Excessive hand washing
  • Obsessed with cleanliness
  • Excessive use of cleaning or disinfecting products

If you have a phobia, you may experience certain symptoms when you are exposed to dirt or bacteria. Such symptoms may include:

  • cry
  • Heart palpitations
  • shake
  • Sweating

These symptoms occur only when the object of your phobia is visible, such as when digging in the garden, or when you think bacterial contact may have occurred, such as shaking hands with someone or using a door handle.

You can shower multiple times a day. You may often carry and use hand sanitizer. You may be reluctant to use public toilets, share food, or take public transportation.


Mysophobia can cause many behavioral and emotional symptoms, such as avoidance, anxiety, and physical signs of fear and panic.


It should be noted that the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) does not treat phobia as a unique disease. Conversely, if the symptoms meet a specific set of diagnostic criteria, they will be considered a specific phobia.

To be diagnosed with a specific phobia, the symptoms must lead to:

  • Avoidance or extreme pain
  • Immediate anxiety response
  • Unreasonable or excessive fear

In addition, these symptoms must affect a person’s ability to function normally in different aspects of life. The symptoms must not be caused by another mental disorder, and the symptoms need to be present for six months or more.


Because people with phobias are afraid of others carrying germs, this situation causes people to avoid social situations. You may avoid attending expected gatherings, such as work gatherings, holiday gatherings, and conferences. When you participate, you may find yourself avoiding physical contact and washing your hands more frequently.

Over time, these behaviors can lead to isolation. Your friends and relatives may not understand, they may think you are hostile or even paranoid. You may suffer from social phobia, in which case you begin to fear contact with others.


The exact cause of the phobia is not fully understood, although many different factors are believed to be at work. Some factors that may increase the risk of phobias (such as phobias) include:

  • Family history of anxiety, depression, or other phobias
  • Have experienced a traumatic event that caused a person to pay too much attention to bacteria, dirt, or pollution
  • Suffer from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

Some people believe that the increased availability and usage of products such as hand sanitizers and other cleaning products may also contribute to fear of heights.

Phobia and obsessive-compulsive disorder

Phobia is thought to be related to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Obsessive-compulsive disorder is repetitive, continuous, and unwanted impulses or images that cause pain or anxiety. These obsessions can invade when you try to think or do other things.

Obsessions usually have themes, such as:

  • Fear of pollution
  • Need something orderly and symmetrical
  • Offensive or terrifying thoughts about hurting yourself or others
  • Unwanted thoughts, including offensive, sexual or religious themes

One of the most common symptoms of phobia is frequent hand washing, which is also a common symptom of obsessive-compulsive disorder. However, the motivation for washing hands is different.

Fears and obsessive-compulsive disorder

People with obsessive-compulsive disorder are forced to relieve the pain caused by the unfinished behavior itself, while people with phobias are forced to perform specific behaviors to remove bacteria. The difference is subtle, and many people experience both conditions at the same time, so it’s important to see a mental health professional to get an accurate diagnosis.


Fortunately, I can successfully control the panic disorder. It is important to see a mental health professional as soon as possible, as this situation will get worse over time. The treatments your therapist may recommend include medication, psychotherapy, or a combination of the two.


Medications are usually not prescribed separately to address specific phobias, such as phobias. However, sometimes medications may be prescribed to help control certain symptoms or treat concurrent mental health conditions. Drugs are most effective when used in combination with psychotherapy.


Depending on the direction of your therapist, you may be encouraged to explore the root cause of your phobia, or you may just be taught how to manage symptoms.

There are many therapies available to help treat phobias, but the two most effective methods are cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and exposure therapy.

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy involves recognizing and changing the negative thinking patterns that lead to the phobia.
  • Exposure therapy focuses on gradually and incrementally exposing people to the source of fear. Over time, people are able to learn to relax and their fear response begins to lessen.

Online treatment may be another option you might want to consider. It has been found that online therapy can effectively treat a variety of mental health conditions. Research has also shown that virtual reality exposure therapy is as effective as real-world exposure therapy.


In addition to getting professional treatment, you can also use other self-help strategies to help you find relief. Some techniques you might want to try include:

  • Take a deep breath
  • Exercise regularly
  • Get enough sleep
  • Gradually expose one’s fear
  • Reduce caffeine intake
  • meditation
  • Mindfulness practice
  • Yoga

You may also find it helpful to join a phobia support group, where you can discuss resources and coping strategies with people with similar experiences. Check local resources to see if there are any groups in your area or find available resources online.

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Mysophobia can cause severe pain and disturbance to your life, but it is important to remember that there are effective treatments. Talking to your doctor is a good starting point, but you can also practice coping strategies on your own, which will help relieve stress and anxiety.

If you think you may also have OCD, please see a doctor or mental health professional for diagnosis. Obtaining an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment can help you find relief and improve your overall health.