Schizophrenic Personality Disorder (SPD) is a chronic and widespread disease characterized by social isolation and indifference to other people. People with this disease are often described as alienated or withdrawn, and tend to avoid social situations where they interact with others.
They find it difficult to express emotions and lack the desire to establish close personal relationships. This type of personality disorder is considered relatively rare and often affects more men than women. People with schizophrenia are also at risk of depression.
People with schizophrenia personality disorder usually experience:
- Focus on introspection and fantasy
- Feelings of indifference to praise and affirmation and criticism or rejection
- Alienate from others
- Little or no desire to establish close relationships with others
- Indifferent to social norms and expectations
- Infrequent participation in entertainment activities
- Not enjoying social or family relationships
- Usually described as indifferent, uninteresting, withdrawn, and indifferent
This disorder is usually first noticed in childhood and is usually obvious in early adulthood. The symptoms of this disease can affect many areas of life, including family relationships, school, and work.
DSM-5 defines schizophrenic personality disorder as “a universal pattern of social and interpersonal communication deficits characterized by acute discomfort and reduced ability to establish intimacy, as well as cognitive or perceptual distortions and behavioral quirks, starting from early adulthood. From the beginning to the present. In various situations.”
People with schizophrenia personality disorder are often described by others as indifferent, indifferent, and detached. People with this disease may prefer to be alone, but some people may also feel lonely and socially isolated as a result.
Work life impact
People with this disease also often make few friends, rarely date, and usually do not get married. The symptoms of this disease may also make it difficult to work in positions that require a lot of social interaction or interpersonal skills. People with schizophrenia personality disorder may do better in jobs that involve solitary work.
Schizophrenia Personality Disorder and Schizophrenia
Although schizophrenia personality disorder is considered to be a type of schizophrenia spectrum disorder and has some common symptoms with schizophrenia and schizophrenia personality disorder, there are some important differences between SPD and these two disorders.
People with SPD rarely experience paranoia or hallucinations.In addition, although they may appear indifferent and distant in their conversation, they do make sense when they speak, which is different from the incomprehensible speech patterns often displayed by people with schizophrenia.
The cause of schizophrenic personality disorder is unclear,Although it is believed that a combination of genetic and environmental factors play a role. Personality is affected by many factors, including genetic characteristics and tendencies, childhood experiences, parenting, education, and social interactions. All these factors may promote the development of SPD to a certain extent.
If you are worried about your symptoms, you can consult your doctor first. Your doctor will evaluate your symptoms and check for any underlying diseases that may cause you to develop symptoms. In most cases, you may be referred to a mental health professional.
The DSM-5 diagnostic criteria stipulates that people must exhibit at least the following four symptoms in order to be diagnosed with SPD:
- Always choose a separate event
- Emotional detachment and lack of emotional expression
- Experience little fun from the activity
- Indifferent to criticism or praise
- Lack of desire or enjoyment for close relationships
- Little or no interest in having sex with others
- No close friends other than immediate family members
Schizophrenic personality disorders are most often diagnosed by psychiatrists or other mental health professionals who have been trained in the diagnosis and treatment of personality disorders. General practitioners often lack the training to perform such diagnoses, especially because this condition is very rare and often confused with other mental disorders.
People with schizophrenia rarely seek treatment on their own. Treatment is usually only sought after the condition has severely interfered with many aspects of a person’s life.
Schizophrenia personality disorder can be difficult to treat. People with this disease rarely seek treatment and may struggle with psychotherapy because they find it difficult to establish a working relationship with the therapist.Social isolation characterized by schizophrenic personality disorder also makes it difficult to find support and help.
People with schizophrenia personality disorder may find it easier to establish relationships centered on intellectual, professional, or recreational pursuits because such relationships do not rely on self-disclosure and emotional intimacy.
Medications can be used to treat some of the symptoms of schizophrenia personality disorder, such as anxiety and depression. These drugs are often combined with other treatment options, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or group therapy.
CBT can help SPD patients identify problematic thoughts and behaviors and develop new coping skills. Group therapy can help people practice interpersonal skills.
One-to-one treatment may seem scary for people with this disease because it requires a lot of social interaction. This type of treatment may be most effective when mental health professionals are careful to avoid overwork and the client does not face undue stress and emotional needs.
Due to the nature of this situation, you may find it easier to maintain yourself than to seek professional help. Even though you usually prefer to be alone, people with schizophrenia do feel lonely and isolated. There are steps you can take to seek support.
Consider joining a social group related to work or hobbies. Because emotional intimacy can be challenging for people with schizophrenia, you may find it easier to interact with others in the context of professional or recreational pursuits. This can be a great way to develop social relationships without letting yourself feel overwhelmed.
If your loved one has this disease, you can help by avoiding judgment, being patient, and encouraging individuals to seek treatment. Avoid trying to push individuals into activities or relationships that make them feel uncomfortable or stressful. Instead, look for activities that can be carried out together that do not require a lot of emotional input.
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This condition is usually long-lasting, chronic and lifelong, but with support and effective treatment, people who suffer from it can continue to lead a normal life.