What is the difference between conscience and conscious?

What is the difference between consciousness and conscience? These two terms are sometimes confused in daily use because they sound very similar. They are also derived from the same Latin origin (Harvest, Which means “aware of guilt”).

However, they actually mean very different things in the field of psychology. Let’s take a closer look at the meaning of each term and how to distinguish the two concepts.

What does conscience mean?

yours conscience It is part of your personality that can help you make judgments between right and wrong and prevent you from acting on the most basic impulses and desires. This is what makes you feel guilty when you do bad things, and when you do some good things, it makes you feel guilty. Your conscience is the moral foundation, it helps guide pro-social behavior and guide you to act in a socially acceptable and even altruistic way.

In Freud’s theory, conscience is part of the superego, which contains information about what your parents and society think is bad or negative—all the values ​​you learned and absorbed as you grew up. Over time, when you absorb information about what your caregiver, your peers, and the culture in which you live in believes is right or wrong, your conscience will emerge.

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What does it mean to be conscious?

yours consciousness It is your knowledge of yourself and the world around you. In the most general terms, it means being awake and aware. Some experts suggest that if you can express it in words, you are considered conscious.

Conscious mind

According to Freud’s theory of personality psychoanalysis, the mind is like an iceberg. It can be seen that the part of the iceberg above the water represents conscious consciousness. This is what we know, can be clearly described and expressed. The largest part of the iceberg is actually below the surface of the water, and Freud compared it to all thoughts, memories, and impulses outside of the subconscious or our consciousness.

What is consciousness?

yours consciousness Refers to your conscious experience, your personal awareness of your inner thoughts, feelings, memories, and feelings. Consciousness is often thought of as a stream, constantly changing according to the ebb and flow of your thoughts and experiences about the world around you.

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In psychology, the conscious mind includes everything in your consciousness, including:

“Awareness is usually defined as awareness of your thoughts, actions, feelings, sensations, perceptions, and other mental processes,” explained psychologists Douglas A. Bernstein, Louis A. Penner, and Edward Roy. “This definition shows that consciousness is an aspect of many mental processes, rather than its own mental processes. For example, memory can be conscious, but consciousness is more than memory. Perception can be conscious, but consciousness is not just perception.”

How to differentiate

Consciousness and consciousness can be difficult to determine. As the psychologist and philosopher William James once explained, “As long as no one asks us to define it, we know its meaning.”

Although these two terms are often confused, on the other hand, consciousness and conscience refer to very different things. Your consciousness makes you aware of your place in the world, and your conscience makes you act in a morally and socially acceptable way in this world.

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As mentioned above, awareness is your awareness of yourself and the world around you. Your conscience is your ability to distinguish between what is right and what is wrong.

When thinking about these two concepts, remember consciousness Refers to being awake and aware at the same time conscience Refers to your inner feelings about right and wrong.

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