What is Xenophobia?

Xenophobia An extreme and irrational fear of vomiting. This is a rare disease that may only affect about 0.1% of the population. While this may be unlikely, it can be important to recognize the signs and symptoms of xenophobia and the ways in which it may affect your daily life.


Vomitophobia is an intense and irrational fear of vomiting. People with vomiting phobia may be afraid of vomiting themselves, or they may also be afraid of feeling sick or witnessing others throw up.

People with vomiting phobia may try to avoid activities or situations that can cause vomiting, such as drinking alcohol or taking public transportation (to avoid motion sickness).

What is a phobia?

Xenophobia is a specific type of phobia. It is a psychological disorder that involves persistent and severe fear of a specific object, environment, or activity.

Specific phobias are divided into five subtypes, while vomiting phobias belong to the “other types” subtype. That means it doesn’t fit into any of the major categories, including animals, natural environment, blood injection injuries or situational phobias.


Xenophobia can manifest with a variety of symptoms and certain behaviors.

These may include avoiding the following:

  • Foods not considered “safe”
  • Drugs that may list nausea as a potential side effect
  • eating in public
  • eat too fast
  • have dinner
  • social activity
  • places that may contain large amounts of alcohol, such as parties and bars
  • pregnant
  • bathroom
  • Gym
  • travel, flying, public transport or crowded places
  • people who may look uncomfortable
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People with phobias may experience a range of physical symptoms, including panic attacks. This may include symptoms such as:

  • hot flashes
  • chills
  • sweat
  • trembling
  • increased heart rate
  • shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • feeling of suffocation
  • tightness or pain in the chest
  • upset stomach or nausea
  • headache
  • feeling dizzy, lightheaded, or fainting
  • needle stick feeling
  • feeling numb
  • Strong request to go to the bathroom
  • dry mouth
  • feel confused or disoriented


People with phobias are not always formally diagnosed. Most people with phobias (like phobias) know they have fears, but they choose to live their lives with them.

However, avoidance can backfire and make the phobia worse. Diagnosis can be a useful starting point for treatment.

To formally diagnose vomiting phobia, physicians will refer to the diagnostic criteria outlined in the fifth edition. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5).

How is a phobia diagnosed?


Phobias like phobias often don’t have a single cause. Often, many factors contribute to the development of a phobia.

Emetophobia usually has an early age of onset and may be due to a variety of causes.

Possible factors that can lead to phobias include:

  • Traumatic past experience involving vomiting
  • Observational learning experiences, for example, children whose parents are afraid of vomiting may also go on to develop a fear of vomiting
  • An informational learning experience, such as reading a situation involving vomiting and generating fear based on that information
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Biological factors may also play a role in the development of phobias. It is believed that some people are inherently prone to mental illnesses such as anxiety, depression and phobias.


If those with a phobia of vomiting do not receive treatment, their fear may persist. However, there are treatment options that can help reduce the fear of vomiting.

Possible treatment options are:

  • Hypnotherapywhich uses hypnosis to facilitate healing
  • cognitive behavioral therapy
  • counter-regulation
  • Reframe past experiences involving vomiting
  • Cosplay vomit and the smell of vomit
  • behavioral exposure

One of the most common treatment options for phobias is desensitization, or gradual exposure therapy. This involves exposure of someone who is afraid of vomiting to vomit or a situation that involves an increase in the amount of vomiting, often combined with relaxation techniques.

This can be done by an individual as part of a self-help program or with the help of a medical professional.


Emetophobia can be strenuous and can interfere with daily life. In addition to the treatment strategies listed above, there are steps you can take to help deal with your fear of vomiting.

Some coping strategies to try include:

  • Look at the evidence logically: Rationalizing your phobia can help alleviate some of the unnecessary fear or anxiety you might feel when you think about throwing up.
  • Use relaxation techniques: Try deep breathing or meditation to help reduce stress and anxiety.
  • Face your fears: Avoiding any situation that might involve vomiting will only make your fears worse. Try to expose yourself to possible scenarios like public transportation or flying.
  • Use visualization: If you feel uneasy just thinking about throwing up, imagine a calming scene in your mind to help you get rid of your anxiety.
  • Practice self-care: Make sure you get enough sleep, eat healthy food, exercise, and make time for things you enjoy.
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Vomitophobia is an irrational and intense fear of vomiting. Those with vomiting phobia experience extreme distress when vomiting and may fear the anticipation of vomiting.

They may go to great lengths to avoid situations that might cause vomiting, such as drinking alcohol, taking public transport, or flying. Emetophobia can be difficult to treat, but treatment options include cognitive behavioral therapy, hypnotherapy, exposure therapy, and role playing.

VigorTip words

Fear of vomiting can make everyday life difficult, but it can be supportive. If you are struggling with a phobia, consider contacting a mental health professional to learn more about the condition and how to improve your symptoms. There are various treatment options that may help reduce your irrational fear of vomiting.