what it means when a disease is epidemic

One endemic A disease is a disease that is always present in a specific population or area. Each year, the number of endemic diseases is considered a “baseline” that is expected to continue indefinitely. Some of the most recognized endemic diseases include influenza, malariaHIV and syphilis. Many experts predict that COVID-19 will become endemic at some point.

This article describes the “endemic” characteristics of a disease, how it differs from “epidemic”, and provides examples of endemic diseases that persist in the world today.

What is the difference between an epidemic and an epidemic

Endemic diseases are often confused with epidemics. However, an epidemic is an outbreak of a disease that spreads among one or more groups of people. Conversely, endemic diseases are diseases that persist in a group or geographic area.

Epidemic is a worldwide epidemic. In some cases, an epidemic or pandemic can cause a disease to become endemic.

What is the difference between an epidemic and a pandemic?

endemic

Endemic diseases are not always present at high levels. They can also be relatively rare.The defining characteristic of a regional endemic is that it can always Can be found among the people who live there.

influenza

Influenza, or the flu, is a respiratory illness caused by seasonal influenza viruses that spread among people every year. Although the flu is endemic, the virus mutates frequently, and new seasonal flu strains are created each year.

Most people who catch the flu recover at home with mild symptoms. However, some people with pre-existing conditions, the elderly or young children may be at higher risk for more severe disease.

Research shows that influenza viruses have been an endemic part of human life for at least 500 years. Today, about 8 percent of the U.S. population gets the flu virus each year. The flu virus is spread through small droplets when an infected person talks, coughs or sneezes.

Fortunately, there is an annual flu vaccine that protects against the first four flu strains of each season. Most flu vaccines are given by injection, but nasal sprays are also available.

Types of flu vaccines, explained

malaria

Malaria is endemic in many parts of Africa and Asia. Malaria is so common in some parts of Africa that a protective mutation – the sickle cell trait – has become common in local populations.

The sickle cell gene makes people less susceptible to malaria. However, it works best when people have one copy of the gene. When they have two, serious health problems can result.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B (HBV) is prevalent worldwide. Although HBV is not always a sexually transmitted infection, it can be sexually transmitted.

Fortunately, there is a vaccine that can prevent the spread of hepatitis B. Vaccination is usually recommended if a person plans to travel to an area where hepatitis is endemic. Hepatitis vaccination is also part of the standard childhood immunization program in the United States.

syphilis

syphilis It is a sexually transmitted infection that used to be prevalent around the world. Fortunately, effective treatments have reduced the number of people contracting the disease.

Unfortunately, syphilis rates appear to be on the rise again in the United States. However, syphilis is unlikely to become popular again, at least in the United States. However, it can still cause serious problems, especially for newborns.

Syphilis is still considered endemic in some parts of Africa.

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is considered endemic in many parts of Africa. At this point, eradication is unlikely in the conceivable future. This is the case even as improved treatment begins to control the HIV epidemic.

Coronavirus disease

Coronavirus (COVID-19) is a viral infection caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. COVID-19 is spread through droplets from the mouth or nose when an infected person breathes, speaks, coughs or sneezes.

As of 2022, COVID-19 is still considered a global pandemic. However, many experts predict that the virus will eventually become endemic. The timeline of the epidemic depends on several factors, such as immune protection from vaccination and natural infection, and how the disease continues to spread or mutate in the future.

Fortunately, a vaccine for COVID-19 is available and has been shown to be effective in helping protect people from serious illness and death. Everyone 5 years or older can get the vaccine.

What is it like to be vaccinated against COVID-19?

generalize

An endemic disease is a disease that is always present in a specific population or area and is expected to persist indefinitely. Some examples of endemic diseases are influenza, malaria, HIV and syphilis. Researchers predict that COVID-19 will eventually become endemic as well. However, the schedule depends on several factors, such as vaccination and mutation.

VigorTip words

Understandably, many are apprehensive and even frightened by the current state of the COVID-19 pandemic. Many wonder when the disease will transition from pandemic to endemic. While unpredictable, vaccines can help prevent serious illness and death from COVID-19. For more information on how to get vaccinated, please contact your healthcare provider.