What to know about moxate (amoxicillin)

Moxatag (amoxicillin) belongs to the penicillin class of antibiotics—drugs that treat bacterial infections by killing the bacteria that cause them or preventing them from growing. Moxatag is used to treat many common infections, including strep and ear infections, and is available in a variety of formulations:

  • Tablets, Chewables and Extended-Release Tablets
  • capsule
  • Suspended powder

Other brand names for amoxicillin

In addition to Moxatag, amoxicillin is sold in the United States as:

  • Amosico
  • Amosier
  • Dispersant
  • Moxilin
  • trioxopyrimidine

use

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Moxatag for the treatment of:

  • Helicobacter pylori Infect
  • pneumonia
  • sinus infection
  • skin infection
  • Group A Streptococcus infection
  • urinary tract infection

Off-label use

Off-label uses for Moxatag include:

  • anthrax
  • Bronchiectasis
  • periodontitis
  • endocarditis
  • Lyme disease
  • Erysipelas (bacterial infection of the skin in people who handle fish and meat)
  • prosthetic joint infection

Before taking

Before taking this or any other medication, it is important to make sure the prescribing healthcare provider understands your medical history, current health problems, allergies, and other medications you are taking.

It is especially important to let them know if you have had an adverse reaction to penicillin antibiotics in the past. Before you start taking this medicine, your healthcare provider may test you for an allergy to penicillin.

[Standard disclaimer: Talk to your healthcare provider about all medications, supplements, and vitamins that you currently take. While some drugs pose minor interaction risks, others may outright contraindicate use or prompt careful consideration as to whether the pros of treatment outweigh the cons in your
case.]

Precautions and contraindications

Before you take amoxicillin, speak with your healthcare provider about precautions and contraindications associated with this drug. This is to make sure you don’t have any conditions that could negatively affect the effectiveness or safety of amoxicillin.

An important contraindication to amoxicillin (and any antibiotic in the penicillin class) is a history of allergic reactions to it or other penicillin-related drugs. The same goes for allergic reactions to cephalosporin antibiotics.

Health problems that may prevent taking amoxicillin include:

  • mononucleosis
  • kidney disease
  • Phenylketonuria

Older adults, children, and people with kidney disease may require special doses—usually starting with relatively small doses and adjusting effectiveness as needed.

Other penicillin antibiotics

Amoxicillin belongs to the penicillin class of antibiotics, as well as:

  • penicillin
  • Ampicillin
  • Nafcillin
  • oxacillin
  • Dicloxacillin
  • cloxacillin
  • Piperacillin
  • Piperacillin/tazobactam

dose

Oral formulations of amoxicillin are as follows:

  • 250 milligram (mg) and 500 mg capsules
  • Oral solution of 125, 200 and 400 mg per 5 milliliters (mL)
  • 500 mg and 875 mg tablets
  • 125 mg and 250 mg chewable tablets
  • 775 mg extended-release tablet

Dosages of amoxicillin vary, but are usually given based on a person’s age, weight, and reason for taking the drug.

Revise

Older adults may need smaller doses; people with kidney disease may also need adjustments.

[Standard disclaimer: All listed dosages are according to the drug manufacturer. Check your prescription and talk to your healthcare provider to make sure you are taking the right
dose for you.]

How to take and store

Amoxicillin is a relatively simple medication, although there are a few things to keep in mind when taking it.

  • If possible, take amoxicillin with food or drink, as it may cause an upset stomach.
  • You can store the suspension form of this medication in the refrigerator (but do not freeze).
  • If you are taking a liquid or suspension or giving to a child, shake the bottle before measuring the dose.
  • If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you notice it – unless it’s almost time for your next scheduled dose. In this case, skip the missed dose: Do not double the dose.
  • Store amoxicillin (and all medicines) in its original container, out of the sight and reach of children, away from moisture, heat, or direct light.

side effect

You may experience side effects while taking amoxicillin. Most common ones are relatively mild, but if you are concerned about any problems you may have, please contact your healthcare provider’s office.

Common

  • upset stomach
  • diarrhea
  • nausea
  • loss of appetite
  • clay stool
  • thrush
  • yeast infection
  • Bad breath or smell in the mouth

serious

Serious side effects require immediate medical attention. Call your healthcare provider right away if you experience any of the following while taking amoxicillin:

  • rash
  • hard to swallow
  • the feeling that your throat is closing
  • measles
  • yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes (jaundice)
  • Dizziness
  • racing heartbeat
  • Puzzled
  • twitch

Warning and Interaction

Interactions with other drugs or supplements can cause serious health problems. If they prescribe amoxicillin, be sure to tell your healthcare provider what medicines you take.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Can I drink alcohol while taking amoxicillin?

    Yes, but not recommended. Alcohol does not interact with amoxicillin, and drinking alcohol does not reduce the effectiveness of the antibiotic. However, alcohol can suppress your immune system, making you more susceptible to infections and harder to recover from.

  • Will Amoxicillin Affect Contraception?

    Yes, amoxicillin and other antibiotics can make some oral contraceptives less effective. Women taking estrogen/progesterone birth control pills should use backup protection (such as condoms) while taking antibiotics and continue until the end of the cycle.

  • Is amoxicillin life-threatening?

    Yes, amoxicillin belongs to the penicillin class of antibiotics. Amoxicillin can cause a severe reaction called anaphylaxis in people allergic to penicillin.

    An allergic reaction is a medical emergency. Symptoms include:

    • Difficulty breathing
    • hives or swelling
    • throat tightness
    • hoarse voice
    • nausea
    • Vomit
    • stomach ache
    • diarrhea
    • Dizziness
    • wait
    • low blood pressure
    • Heartbeat
    • feeling of doom
    • cardiac arrest

    If someone taking amoxicillin has these symptoms, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room.