If you or someone you love is diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder, you may want to learn more about this condition, including why it is classified as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) Axis I obstacles.
Changes from DSM-IV to DSM-5
The DSM published by the American Psychiatric Association is a variety of mental health bibles. DSM-IV divides all mental disorders and other problems into five different categories or axes.
These five categories help mental health professionals provide a comprehensive diagnosis for the patient, which includes symptoms and a wide range of factors that make up the patient’s mental health. Diagnosing on any axis also helps healthcare professionals communicate the needs of patients to insurance companies.
DSM-5 debuted in 2013, using a non-axial classification of mental health disorders. The first three axes in DSM-IV were merged into the same category in the fifth and latest editions. In addition, the last two axes are combined in DSM-V.
By reviewing these barriers and classifying DSM-IV as axis I, we can learn more about what PTSD is and other mental health conditions that belong to the same category.
Examples of axis obstacles
Axis I disease is often the most common disease in the public. They include anxiety disorders such as panic disorder, social anxiety disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder. Other examples of Axis I barriers are as follows:
- Dissociative disorder
- Eating disorders (anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, etc.)
- Mood disorders (severe depression, bipolar disorder, etc.)
- Mental disorder
- Substance use disorder
Axis II disorders include developmental disorders and personality disorders, such as borderline personality disorder, whose symptoms can usually be found in childhood and cause lifelong challenges.
Axis III disorders are medical or neurological problems that can cause mental problems. Axis IV disorder refers to mental problems caused by recent environmental and psychosocial stress factors.
This includes the death of a loved one or major life changes, such as being fired or the spouse leaving. These stressors can affect the diagnosis and treatment of mental health conditions. Finally, axis V refers to the ability of the individual to function in life.
Post-traumatic stress disorder and anxiety
In DSM-5, PTSD was removed from the category of anxiety disorders and put into a category called “trauma and stress-related disorders.”
People with this diagnosis usually witness or experience events in which someone’s life or their own life or well-being is seriously threatened. Members of the armed forces, victims of rape, or victims of armed robbery are examples of people who often experience PTSD.
People with PTSD often suffer from other anxiety disorders, such as substance use disorders.
Seek help with post-traumatic stress disorder
If you suspect that you or your loved one has PTSD or other mental health disorders, please do not hesitate to seek treatment. A mental health professional can provide you with strategies for coping with diseases or controlling symptoms, lest they ruin your life. These professionals may also prescribe drugs to make daily life with mental illness easier to bear.
Simply talking about your experience with a neutral party can also be exhilarating. What you discuss with your mental health provider is confidential. Seeking help is the first step in the recovery process.